Thursday, May 30, 2013

Enoch Rowell and Meriam Converse of Candia, New Hampshire

Enoch Rowell was born in Amesbury, MA in 1716, first son of John and Elizabeth Colby Rowell.  This is not confirmed by any record, but he is believed to have been their oldest child and since John and Elizabeth married in 1715, the first child usually follows within a year or so. Alternatively, he was not their first child and was not born until 1720 or later.  This later birth date makes sense when you take into consideration his age at the time of marriage and military service.

John Rowell, his father, moved his wife and family from Amesbury to Chester, New Hampshire about 1729. John's  family had lived in Salisbury/Amesbury since the 1640's when the area was first settled.  Chester was incorporated in 1722 and was drawing many men from Salisbury and Amesbury who wanted the opportunity to buy land. Elizabeth's brother Enoch was already in Chester, where he served as selectman and tythingman for many years. According to the book, The History of Chester, John was the first settler on the north end of house lot 114.  On 1 July 1729 he bought house lot #50 and he and Benaiah Colby divided the two lots crosswise.

 In 1736/7 John died, leaving Elizabeth with as many as eight children, her youngest was only about 3 months old.   Elizabeth turned administration of her husband's estate over to her brother Enoch Colby, the value of which was only about  142 pounds. If Enoch was her eldest son, and if he was born in 1716, he would have been at least 20 years old at the time of his fathers death.  Would she have turned over her husband's estate to her brother if she had a son who was for all intents and purposes a grown man?

Widow Rowel appeared in two town  inventories, one in 1741 and in 1745. In each she had some land and a cow. I am not sure if that was the land bought by her husband John.  In 1746 Enoch deeded his 2/6 share in his father's land to his Uncle Enoch Colby.  Enoch had previously bought both Judith's and Elizabeth's 1/6 shares in 1744.  

seige of louisborg
In 1744 England and France declared war on each other. The British Colonies took the opportunity to rid themselves of their French enemies on Cape Breton Island in the Fort called Louisborg.  The French had been interfering with British fisherman and making a general nuisance of themselves. On 13 Feb 1745, Private Enoch Rowell joined Capt. Williams Company in Col. Moore's regiment and headed off to War. The British out-manned and outgunned the French and after 6 weeks and 5 days the French surrendered.

In July of 1646 Enoch served in Captain Daniel Ladd's Company on a scouting mission around Canterbury, NH, looking for marauding Indians.  He missed serving with Robert Rogers by a month or so.  Robert Rogers founded the first company of Rangers. The Ranger history can be traced to today's Army Rangers.

marriage and children
Enoch married Meriam Unknown about 1746 based on the birth of their first child.  No birth date is known for Meriam, I think the year 1716 is used based on the possible birth date of Enoch.  However if they were both born in 1716 this would make them 30 years old at the time of their first marriage and Meriam would have been 52 when she gave birth to her youngest child and that doesn't seem right to me.  Meriam's surname is believed to be Converse, based on the name's use in her grandchildren. Her parents are unknown.

chester and candia
Enoch sold his 2/6 share of his father's land in 1746 and bought a new lot, #50, in the third division of Chester.  The new settlement was begun in 1743 as part of Chester, but in 1763 it was incorporated into the town of Candia.  So in other words Enoch lived on the same plot of land but the name of the town changed.

children of Enoch and Meriam
Elizabeth b. 12 April 1750 Chester d. 13 July 1752 
John b. 12 April 1752 Chester d. 14 November 1752
Miriam b. 30 Sept. 1753 Chester m. John Cammet of Candia
Enoch b. 3 July 1756 Chester d. 2 Aug. 1840 Plainfield, NH   ancestor
Judith b. 1761 d. 20 Dec. 1781
Mary b. 29 Jan 1763 Chester d. 1822 New York m. Henry Gotham
Daniel b. 3 Sept. 1765 Candia (possibly the Captain Daniel Rowell of Maine)
Eliphalet b. 8 June 1768 Candia m. Abigail Smith, d. 1801 Livermore, Maine

Well we all know what happened in 1776, or at least we should!  In 1775 Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys captured Ft. Ticonderoga in New York, on the Vermont border. From the fort the Americans were able to launch an invasion of Canada.  In August of 1776, Enoch enlisted in Captain Joseph Dearborn's Company in  Col. Issac Wyman's Regiment in Continental service against Canada.  The American invasion was not going well and the army was retreating. Col. Wyman's regiment was sent to Fort Ticonderoga to support the retreat. In December they returned to New Hampshire for winter quarters. Enoch did not make it home alive.
There is a story about Enoch's death that seems to have been accepted as truth, it goes:
Enoch Rowell Sr. and Enoch Rowell Jr. both served in the Revolutionary War. When their term of enlistment expired, they were discharged and, as was the custom, were left to get home as they could. They traveled on foot together many a weary mile, mostly through woods, with here and there a small settlement. Before reaching their home in Candia, N. H., the elder man's strength failed him, weakened as he was by the hardships and privations of his military service, and his son went forward to procure help. On returning with assistance, the son found his father sitting on a log where he had left him, with his cane between his knees, both hands on top of the cane, his head on his hands--dead. 
It makes for a good story but there are some glaring errors.  While it is true that both Enoch and his son and namesake were in military service at the same time, Enoch Jr. was in New York with Lt. Col. Loammi Baldwin's Regiment.  He did not muster out until January 3rd of 1777 at Peekskill, New York.  He did have a long walk home, but not with his father.  
Enoch died on 19 November 1776 at Ft. Ticonderoga. Meriam was made administrator of his estate on 21 December 1776 and inventory of which was taken on 24 March 1777. His estate was very modest including a 16 acre lot with house and a 100 acre lot in Candia.  He also owned a pair of spectacles. In 1801 Enoch's land was divided up between Meriam and her children.

Meriam died on 12 December 1813 in Candia. There is no known grave for her.  Whether Enoch was buried at Ft. Ticonderoga or at Candia I do not know.

My Rowell Family Ancestry with links:
Thomas Rowell of Mancetter, England
Valentine Rowell and Joanna Pinder
Phillip Rowell and Sarah Morrill        Phillip Rowell and Anne Carr
John Rowell and Elizabeth Colby
Enoch Rowell and Mirriam Converse
Enoch Rowell and Rachel Worthen
Samuel Duncan Rowell and Mary Moore
William Rowell and Sarah "Sally" Leavitt
Enoch Converse Rowell and Viola Rowell
Jennie Clover Rowell and John C. Thornton
Paul Rowell Thornton and Elizabeth Marjory Bowker

David Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, 1897
William Haslet Jones, The Rowell Family of New England
E. N. Pearson, Roll of New Hampshire men at Louisborg, Cape Breton, 1745, Concord, 1896
Benjamin Chase, History of Old Chester, 1719 to 1869, Auburn, 1869
Colby Family and others website
Isaac W. Hammond, Rolls of the Soldiers in the American Revolution, Concord, 1885, p. 327
C. E. Potter, The Military History of the State of New Hampshire from it's Settlement in 1823 to the Rebellion in 1861, 1868

Friday, May 24, 2013

John Hammond of Watertown, Massachusetts

english origins
John Hammond was born in Lavenham, Suffolk, England, where he was baptized on 2 July 1626 in the parish church called St. Peter and St. Paul. He was the youngest child of William and Elizabeth Paine Hammond, both from Lavenham who left England in the early 1630's for a new 'debt free' life in Watertown in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

In April of 1634 John, aged seven, sailed on the ship the "Francis" from the port of Ipswich with his mother and sisters.  Some weeks later they arrived in Massachusetts, where his father and older siblings were already establishing a new life.  The family eventually settled in Watertown, where John would live for the remainder of his life. 

Life in Watertown was not easy, especially in the early years.  John's oldest brother William Jr. was killed by Indians in 1636 after he was shipwrecked off Long Island.  He had been on an important trading mission to Virginia  hoping to trade goods for food for the  hungry colonists who were having trouble growing adequate supplies of grain.

John would have lived at home with his parents until he married which he did about 1652 at age 26. A man was either the head of a house or he lived "under family government", he could not live alone and unmarried.  John was to marry three times in his life, and have children with two of them..  His first wife was Abigail Salter, she is my ancestor.  Abigail was the daughter of George Salter and Elizabeth Munning of Suffolk, England.  She had immigrated to Massachusetts with her siblings. Her parents remained in England.

Abigail and John had three children, the first a son named John was born 3 Feb. 1653/4. He was followed by Elizabeth born in 1655 and Abigail born in 1659. John Jr. died in 1659, age 5.  Abigail Salter Hammond died in 1663, leaving John with two small daughters and his nephew Thomas, son of his brother Thomas who had died in 1655. Thomas Jr.'s mother died shortly after his birth leaving him an orphan.

second marriage
John did what most widowers of that age did, he remarried as fast as possible. In March of 1664 he married a young woman, about 21 years old, whose name was Sarah Nichols.  Of their six children only two lived to adulthood.  Sarah died in 1688 aged 45.

children of John and Sarah
Sarah b.  1666 Watertown d. 11 Sept. 1674 age 8
Hannah b. 25 July 1669 d. 18 Feb 1669/70
Hannah b. 25 July 1673 m. John Pulter
Nathaniel b. July 1677 d. Feb 1677/8
Samuel b.  25 Feb 1679/80  died young
Hepzibah b. abt 1681/82 m. William Shattuck 23 Sep. 1708

watertown records reveal
John's name started to appear in the Watertown records about 1656. By then he was a married man with children and beginning to be offered and take on roles in the running and maintenance of the town. His first job was to keep the town hogs in order.  This may seem like a silly sort of job, but it was actually quite important.  Pigs, sheep and cattle and horses could do extensive damage to crops if left to run a muck. He also served as surveyor of fences and cattle.  He once complained at a meeting of the Selectmen that his neighbor wasn't keeping up his fence which divided the properties.  After reviewing the said fence, the Selectmen found both men negligent and told them both to fix it.

The colonist were pretty good about seeing to the needs of their neighbors who fell on hard times, either through age or disability.  John was tasked several times to provide wood, food and clothing for other townspeople, he was reimbursed by the town for doing so. Sometimes the town would work out arrangements allowing a townsman to farm the land of an elderly neighbor in exchange for their care.
John served as town constable and as a Selectman.  He was either referred to as John Hammond or Corporal, Coronet, Lieutenant Hammond.  By 1690, John was apparently the wealthiest man in Watertown, he was charged the highest tax rate that year. He could afford three servants, two white and one black.

contentious neighbors
For a supposedly religious group of people the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony seemed a very contentious bunch and they were quick to take each other to court.  John was no exception.  In 1673 the Whittakers, John and Elizabeth, moved onto a farm adjoining the Hammonds.  This was not the start of a happy relationship.  In April 1676 Elizabeth Whittaker testified in court that John Hammond had hit her husband with a big stick and "threw her down and tread on her stomach and then laughed and jeered at her and bid her husband carry her home in a cart". This assault of the couple seems to have stemmed from an earlier incident in which John Whittaker came into John Hammond's barn and the two men got into a verbal shouting match about fences, sheep and such and ended with John Whittaker attacking John Hammond with a cudgel. 18 year old Abigail Hammond testified that "my father warded off the blow with his pitchfork staff and as he went away Whittaker said to my father 'you devil you, I will be avenged of you one time or another'. "  This squabbling went on until 1678 when the Whittakers finally left town.

third marriage
In November 1689 John married the twice widowed Prudence Wade Crosby Cotton.  Her father had been wealthy as had her first two husbands. Her first husband was a doctor and the second was the Rev. Seaborn Cotton, son of the the Rev. John Cotton who was one of the most influential men in the Colony.  This, I think, says a lot about John Hammond and his position in society.  Prudence would outlive John and be widowed for the third time.

John Hammond died on 22 Nov 1709, he was buried in the Watertown burial grounds.  Prudence died in 1711.

Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, 1620-1633
J. G. Bartlett, "Notes and Quires" NEGHR, vol. 57, p. 331
Walter Watkins, "Notes and Queries", NEGHR vol. 55, p. 108
Henry Bond, Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Including Waltham and Weston, Boston, 1860
Watertown Records Volumes One and Two
Roger Thompson, Divided We Stand, Watertown, Massachusetts 1630-1680, University of Massachusetts Press, 2001 

Sunday, May 19, 2013

English Ancestry of William Paine and his sisters Elizabeth Hammond, Phebe Page and Dorothy Eyre

William Paine and Agnes Neves his wife were the parents of a very adventurous group of children. Their daughter Elizabeth Paine married John Hammond, together they  immigrated to Watertown, MA with their children between 1630 and 1634. But Elizabeth was not alone in her move to a new world, her sisters Dorothy and Phebe and her brother William also immigrated. Note: William Paine of Lavenham did not have a son Robert, at least there is no record of a baptism for him and Robert Charles Anderson doesn't seem to have his as a brother either. 

the book is wrong
St. Peter and St. Paul Lavenham
If you think you know who William's ancestors were, I'd wager a guess that you are wrong. Let me start out by saying that the 1881 book, "The Paine Family" by Albert Paine was proved incorrect in 1915. [1]  The ancestors of William Paine of Lavenham were not the Paines of Hengave and Nowton Manor, sorry. I know that this is all over and other family websites and blogs, including one which I have found to be frequently wrong but often copied, minerdescent. If you do any research yourself, instead of coping other peoples mistakes, you will quickly see that the William of the Manor of Nowton could not be the William of Lavenham. Neither the 1881 Book by Albert Paine, nor the earlier 1880 book by Henry D. Paine, mentions the town of Lavenham. [2]

These two authors had apparently not seen the Paine entries in the parish records of Lavenham, they did not know the existence of the Lavenham Paines. They did not have the baptismal or marriage records of the Paine's of Lavenham, did not know they lived, married and died there, they did not know the name Agnes Neves or the names of the Paine siblings who did not immigrate to Massachusetts.

What most people seem to have done is taken the Paines of Lavenham, their baptisms and deaths and sorta said they were born in Nowton Parish of Lavenham, or some other mishmash of names. But Nowton is Nowton and Lavenham is Lavenham, two entirely different places, each with it's own parish church.

who they weren't
As I said, in 1881 a book was published on the ancestry of the Paine family. The author incorrectly identified the Paine's of Nowton as the ancestors of William Paine and his sisters who immigrated to Massachusetts in 1635. A thorough search of the parish registers in 1915 proved this to be the wrong family. A second troll through Suffolk in 1625 turned up wills of the Lavenham Paines that confirm that the Lavenhams and the Nowtons were distinct families. William, the son of Anthony and Mary Castell was baptized in 1565 at St. Marys Church in Bury St. Edmunds. St. Marys was the church of choice for the baptisms of the Paines of Hengrave/Nowton. This William's name is not found in the Lavenham parish registers.

William of Nowton married in 1602. He wife's name was recorded in the 1612 Visitation of Suffolk, she was Elizabeth Sparrow of Standsfelde. They married in the parish of Rede, which is only a few miles south of Nowton. [3]

William of Nowton's father, Anthony, died in 1606. Although not his heir, he made bequeaths to his son William in his will. He also named his  one year old granddaughter Anne. [4] In 1606 William of Lavenham had five or six children and his daughter Anne was 18 years old. William of Nowton died in November of 1648, his wife had died the previous April. William of Lavenham died in 1621, his wife Agnes died in October of 1645.[5] All the Paines of Nowton were buried in Nowton. William of Nowton seems to have had a son William, baptized in 1605 in Barnham, but as he was not named in his grandfather's will, it is presumed that he was dead.

A side by side comparison of the two families shows that the Lavenham Paines were baptized, married and buried in Lavenham.  The Nowton Paines were baptized in Bury St. Edmunds and buried in Nowton. So, I don't know what else to tell you. If you're still not convinced, can I ask a favor? Many people are under the assumption that if a man was "Lord of the Manor" then his title was 'Sir'. This is not true. In order to be called 'Sir', a man must be Knighted. Anthony Paine and his sons were not Knights, they were referred to as Gentlemen, and therefore they were called 'Mr.'. I have seen multiple ancestry trees which have the Paines given the title of Lord and Lady Paine, and Sir William Paine. This is incorrect. So, if your going to use an incorrect pedigree, could you at least do it correctly. :)

so who were they
William's family can be traced back to Thomas and Alice Paine of Boxted, Suffolk. Thomas wrote his will and died in February of 1544/5. In his will  he named his wife Alice and children: Richard, John, William, Alice and Robert. He also made a bequest to his Goddaughter Margery Fyrman. Thomas requested to be buried in the Boxted parish churchyard. Richard was his heir and as such received the land. [6]

Richard the eldest son named in Thomas' will died in late 1575. He identified himself as a Clothier of Boxted. He named in his will, written in January of that year, his wife Margery. She was dead by the time of the November probate. He also named his sons Richard, Thomas and John. He mentions Marion, Joane and John Firman (presumably the Firmans are related). Richard also leaves four nobles to the children of William Paine, his brother. [7]

move to lavenham
William, son of Thomas and brother of Richard had three known children: William Jr., Thomas and Agnes. The name of William Sr.'s wife is unknown as are the birth dates of the children. The three children are known to have lived in Lavenham. The parish register begin in 1558 so we can only trace the family to that time. A William Paine Sr. died in 1587 and a William Paine died in 1583, either of these could be him. I think he was the William who died in 1587.

In 1559 a birth of a Thomas Paine was recorded in the Lavenham parish records.  He was, most likely, the son of William Jr., who was presumably now married and living in Lavenham, some seven or eight miles from Boxted. William's brother Thomas married Agnes Wyatt in 1561 and their sister Agnes married George Seargentson in Lavenham in 1565.

William Jr. and his wife, possibly the Widow Joane Payne who died in 1594 had at least two sons, the Thomas born in 1559 and a son William III.  This William is the one who married Agnes Neves of Lavenham in 1584.  The births of their children are recorded in the Lavenham parish records beginning with Elizabeth, my ancestor, who was born in 1586.  William Jr. died the following year in 1587. William III, called William Payne the Elder in the records, died in 1621.  His son William and daughters Dorothy, Phoebe and Elizabeth are the siblings who immigrated to Massachusetts. When Agnes died she left her home in Lavenham Market to her daughter Susan and left money to her son Richard, both of whom remained in England. Agnes was buried in the Lavenham churchyard. [8]

paine meets paine
In an odd twist of fate, the two William Paines, one of Lavenham and the other of Nowton, may have come face to face. On 6 October 1634, William Paine, 37, clothier of Lavenham, was deposed in a court case involving his brother Richard. His deposition was taken at the Greyhound Inn in Lavenham before two commissioners; Sir Robert Crane, Baronet and William Payne, Gentleman. Were these the two Williams who are confused today? I think they were? [9] Another interesting thing about this court case is that Richard Paine stated that he had gone to Bury St. Edmunds, "a long way off" where he "was a stranger." Anthony Paine had owned many houses and lands in Bury and he had been one of the leading men there. If Richard was his grandson, he would have been known to men in Bury and not thrown in jail.

William Paine's family members obviously lived, married, died and were buried in Lavenham. They had no connection to Nowton Manor. Below is my side by side comparison of the two families. It's a bit squished in this view but you might find it helpful.

Paine of Lavenham
Paine of Nowton/Bury St. Edmunds
Thomas Paine of Boxted died
Mr. Henry Paine, Lawyer of Bury St. Edmunds, buys Nowton for 648 pounds

John Paine s/o Anthony, baptized at St. Marys Bury St. Edmunds
Thomas s/o William (1) Paine, bp. St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham
This is the brother of William (2)


Anne d/o Anthony Paine, bp. St. Marys Bury St. Edmunds
Thomas Paine m. Agnes Wyat St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham


Margaret d/o Anthony, bp. St. Marys Bury St. Edmunds

Thomas s/o Anthony, bp. St. Marys. Bury St. Edmunds
Agnes Paine m. George Sergeantson St. Peter St. Paul
Agnes is sister of William (1) and Thomas
William s/o Anthony, bp 2 Dec at St. Marys Bury St. Edmunds

Henry Paine, Lord of Nowton, buried at Nowton 26 July

Thomas s/o Anthony admitted to Caius College, Cambridge at age 16
Joane Wright Servant of William Paine buried at St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham, probably a servant of William (1)

William Paine m. Agnes Neves St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham
This is William (2)

Elizabeth d/o William Paine bp. St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham

William Paine Sr. buried at St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham
this is the father of William, Thomas and Agnes

Anne d/o William (2) bp. St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham

Judith d/o William bp. St. Peter St. Paul

Susan d/o William bp. 22 June St. Peter St. Paul

Susan d/o William buried 1 June St. Peter St. Paul

Susan d/o William bp. 1 April St. Peter St. Paul

Jane d/o William buried

William and Richard s/o William bp. St. Peter St. Paul


John Paine, s/o Anthony buried at Nowton 28 October. John was also the heir of Anthony. Because of his death his son Anthony became the heir of Anthony (1)

Anthony s/o John Paine (deceased) admitted to Caius College Cambridge age 16
Francis d/o William bp. 20 July St. Peter St. Paul
Francis d/o William buried 12 August St. Peter St. Paul


William Paine s/o Anthony m. Elizabeth Sparrow at Rede, Suffolk

Martha Paine w/o Anthony Sr. buried 28 June Nowton
William's daughter Ann is now 18 years old
Elizabeth Paine m. William Hammond 9 June St. Peter St. Paul
(Ann d/o William born, no parish record found)
William and Agnes have six living children: Elizabeth, Ann, Susan, Phoebe, William and Richard.
Anthony Paine buried 4 March at Nowton. He wrote a will and named, leaving his estate to Grandson Anthony (2). He also names his son William and William's daughter Anne.

William Paine pays 3,000 pounds to his Nephew Anthony for Nowton

William Paine holds his first court at Nowton

Visitation of Suffolk: William Paine m. Elizabeth Sparrow, daughter Ann age 7, not other children named.
Anne Paine m. Richard Neve St. Peter St. Paul

Phebe Paine m. John Page St. Peter St. Paul 5 June
William Payne the Elder buried 9 June St. Peter St. Paul
William hold his last court as Lord of the Manor of Nowton. He sold the manor to Sir Daniel de Ligne.
William s/o William Paine bp. 9 Nov. St. Peter St. Paul
No marriage record for this William, he m. by 1623 to Anna

Anne Neve Paine wrote her will on 8 December. She named only her daughter Susan and her son Richard

Anne (Agnes) Neve Paine d. buried at St. Peter St. Paul Lavenham


William Paine, sometime Lord of the Manor of Nowton, buried at Nowton. He requested to be buried next to his wife in the chancel.


[1] Albert W. Paine, Paine Genealogy, Ipswich Branch, (Bangor, Maine: O. F. Knowles, 1881), 51, digital images, Hatitrust ( : accessed 5 February 2016).

[2] Henry D. Paine, Paine Family Records, a journal of genealogy and biographical information respecting the American families of Payne, Paine, and Payn, (Albany : J. Murrell, 1883), 177, digital images, Hatitrust ( : accessed 5 February 2016).

[3] William Harvey, Robert Cook, John Earl Raven and Walter Charles Metcalf, "The Visitation of Suffolk Made by Hervey, Clarenceaux, 1561, Cooke, Clarenceaux, 1577, and Raven, Richmond, Herald 1613, with notes and an appendix of additional Suffolk Pedigrees, (Exeter, William Pollard, 1882), 157; digital image, Internet Archive ( : accessed 8 October 2015).

[4] Henry D. Paine, Paine Family Records, 177.

[5] Elizabeth French, "Genealogical Research in England," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Boston, MA,The New England Historical Genealogical Society, 1915, 69, pgs. 251-252; digital images, American Ancestors ( : accessed 4 Oct 2015).[ Contains the Payne births, deaths and marriages from the parish records of Lavenham.]

[6] G. Andrews Moriarity, "Genealogical Gleanings in England V," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Boston, MA, The New England Historical Genealogical Society, 1925, 79, pgs. 82-84; digital images, American Ancestors ( : accessed 4 Oct 2015).

[7] G. Andrews Moriarity, "Genealogical Gleanings," 84.

[8] G. Andrews Moriarity, "Genealogical Gleanings," 84.

[9] Author unnamed, "Gleanings from English Records," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 103 (1949) 183-185, digital images, American Ancestors ( : accessed 5 February 2016). [court case involving Richard Paine and his brother William Paine, both of Lavenham.]

other sources:

Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Vol. V, M-P, Boston, MA, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007, 2; digital image, American Ancestors ( : accessed 4 Oct 2015) (according to this website on St. Edmundsbury, Henry Paine purchased Nowton in 1545 not 1546)

Roles of Men, Women and Children in 17th Century Puritan Massachusetts

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