Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Back to Where She Came From

Looking back, my impression of my Grandmother, Margaret Lundy Coote, is one of a quiet, nervous woman who did not seem have a lot to say.  I think she was nice and that she loved us, but she was one of those people who just seem to be lurking behind the scenes. I don't recall ever having a conversation with her about herself, probably because I was an immature self absorbed teenager. I am sure we talked about me and my life, just not about hers.  My grandfather Stephen Coote, on the other hand, was loud, boisterous, laughing and fun, he was technicolor, she was black and white.

not their house but it probably looked like this
My grandmother was born in Coolrawer, Sligo, Ireland on 24 Dec. 1909, she was the youngest of at least seven children born to Thomas Lundy and his wife Mary Carty. Thomas was a tenant farmer, as was his father and his father and so on and so on.  While Lundy is not a name I hear frequently in the US, the area around Tubbercurry, Sligo, including Coolrawer was once awash with Lundys.

I tried to find Coolrawer on a map of Ireland, it's not easy. Coolrawer is not a town or a village, it is what is known as a townland, the smallest division of land in Ireland. On the map it looks like a loose collection of farmhouses and farm land. The closest town is Charlestown, in County Mayo about 7km away. Other than farming, there wasn't many options for local employment  So Margaret and most of her siblings joined the exodus from Ireland and immigrated to the US.

Agnes Lundy and her parents
Katherine, oldest child of Thomas and Mary, left Ireland in 1908, Margaret was yet to be born. Katherine made her transatlantic journey aboard  the Saxonia, sailing from Queenstown, Ireland and arrived in Boston on 30 April 1908, she was sixteen years old. Passengers to the US had to name a "friend" who was sponsoring them in their new home.  Katherine's  sponsor was  her Aunt, Kate Lundy, I believe that she was Thomas' sister.  In April of 1910, 16 year old Annie left Ireland for Salem, Ma.  She had a job as a "domestic", a maid. Annie, for whatever reason, did not stay long in the US, she returned to Ireland, married John Brennan.

Martin Lundy was the next sibling to immigrate.  Born in 1898, he was working in England, outside of Manchester, as a coal miner in the 1921 English census. He sailed to Boston, via New York City in 1923, he wasted no time and applied for citizenship two years later. Agnes arrived on 25 March 1925, Martin was her sponsor. Finally, on 19 May 1929, Margaret arrived in Boston sponsored by Agnes.  I cannot find her in the 1930 census, but I would guess that like her sisters, Margaret worked as a domestic servant.

Stephen and Margaret
Stephen Coote was born in June of 1906 in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland, son of Thomas and Honora Moroney Coote.  If Margaret was a farm girl, he was a city boy.  One of twelve children, he was the only one to immigrate to the US.  He arrived in Boston in November of 1929, his sponsor was George Walk, his cousin Mary Flanagan's husband. In the 1930 census Stephen was working as a "garageman" or chauffeur.

By 1932 Stephen and Margaret were married.  My Uncle Tom was born in 1933 and my mom in 1935.  A few months after my mother's birth, Margaret went back to where she came from, back to Coolrawer, Sligo, Ireland.  Her mother had broken her hip and her father needed help on the farm. My Grandfather remained in Boston looking for work but he too eventually left the US and returned to Ireland, not to the city but to a farm.  His plan was to return to Boston once the old folks were taken care of.

Stephen and Margaret and their two small children moved into the two bedroom thatched roofed cottage of Thomas and Mary Lundy.  There was no running water, no electricity, and no indoor bathroom.  After dark the house was lit with oil lamps and there were two fireplaces to heat the house.  They had no car, their transportation was their own two feet.

The Cootes in Ireland
Margaret took care of her mother but Mary Lundy seems to have died not too long after she returned. Thomas was probably not impressed with his son in law's farming skills, he had none. Occasionally Stephen left Ireland and got work in England, somehow they made it work.

Time went by and still Stephen and Margaret remained in Ireland.  Thomas Lundy died in 1948, leaving Stephen to run the farm. Margaret had five more children. They had made a life for themselves in Coolrawer. But my grandfather had an ace up his sleeve, two aces actually.  His two oldest children were American citizens. My Uncle made his way over to England where he was able to join the American Air Force and ended up of all places, Boston.  My mom left Ireland at age 17, on November 9, 1952 she arrived in Boston.  Her aunt Katherine Lundy Gulley Sharkey, who had left in 1908 was her sponsor.  And that is how she too, went back to where she came from.

My technicolor grandfather
Together my mom and her brother rented and furnished an apartment for her parents and siblings. The Cootes flew to Boston in 1956 a little more than 20 years after they left. I can only imagine what my Grandmother must have been feeling, she was leaving her home and all her  belongings for the third time in her life. They had no jobs and little money and still had young children to raise.

On October 14th 1963 Margaret and Stephen became citizens of the United States of America.

Friday, August 9, 2013

Ennis Lunatic Asylum

I was surprised, when looking at Irish census records, to see that my mother's grandparents, Thomas and Honora Moroney Coote worked at the District Lunatic Asylum, known as Our Lady's Hospital,  in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland.  The hospital, if you can call it that,  first opened in 1868 and was one of the smaller district asylums.  The care takers were really just custodians of the inmates as there were no real treatments for persons with mental illness in those days. 
In a census taken in 1871 the population of Ennis was 26,530.  In a breakdown the census reveals that there were:  50 Idiots in the asylum and 31 at home, 176 Lunatics in the asylum and 19 at home, 428 paupers in the workhouse, 66 paupers receiving home care and 154 beggars and vagrants.  The labels are cringe inducing but those were the official names in the day. The Hospital was terribly overcrowded  and staff to inmate ratios were high.  
The Hospital was a large employer for the town and was also a large purchaser of local produce. Thomas and Honora were working there in 1892 when they got married, they were listed as Asylum Attendants. He continued to work there after the marriage. 

Out Lady's Hospital Ennis, County Clare Library Archives

The hospital closed for good in 2002.  All their documents have been archived by the County Clare Library but are not available online.

Tuesday, August 6, 2013

Puritan Crime and Punishment #4

You know sometimes a good hardworking Puritan needs to cut loose, have a few brewskies, sing a few naughty songs and maybe shoot off his musket a time or two. What's so wrong with letting off a bit of steam!  Well it seems the powers that be frowned on such behavior, some guys just don't know how to have any fun.  

here are a few court cases along these notes:

Samuel Greenfield's presentment for singing a lavicious song and using unseemly gestures therewith, found to be true. He was committed to the marshal to be forth coming to be whipped or pay a fine. 

Joseph Fowler, Thomas Cook and Thomas Scott and two sons of Richard Kimball, presented for going into the woods shouting and singing taking fire and liquors with them, all being at unseasonable time of the night, and occasioning their wives and some others to go out and search therein. 

So the first guy is just singing a dirty song and bam, his neighbors turn him in and now he's gonna get whipped.  Joseph and his crew just wanted to cut loose without the ladies, who are probably responsible for them getting hauled into court. Sounds more like the average Friday night down here in Texas.

Sunday, August 4, 2013

Richard Swaine Binfield, England to Nantucket, MA

Richard Swaine was my 9th great grandfather, one of 602 ancestors from that generation. That number doubles for the tenth generation, at this rate I'll be writing this blog for the rest of my life! Maybe I can stave off Alzheimer's by doing so. Oh well, here's my latest entry, another Great Migration ancestor who left England about 1635 and set up in New Hampshire and Massachusetts.  There are as usual some errors on concerning his parentage and his birthplace.  As always, if you think I'm wrong let me know and please show me your documentation to back it up.  

english origins
In October 1999 an article by genealogist Clifford L. Stott was published in The American Genealogist which is the source of much of the information on Richard Swaine.  Stott was able to trace his family home to Binfield, Berkshire, England.  Records show that the Swaines had lived there for several generations, at the least. [1]
Swain's Copse

Binfield was at that time a small village in the county of Berkshire, in the center of Windsor Forest.  Most of the manor houses were built after Richard's departure for America, but The Stag and Hounds, a pub in Binfield, was an old hunting lodge said to be used by both King Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.  It is interesting to note that there is a copse of trees called Swains Copse just to the southeast of Binfield. 

Richard's father and grandfather were both named William.  His mother's name might have been Elizabeth, his grandmother was Joan Dee Miller Swain. The furthest the family can be traced is to his great grandfather Robert.  His date of birth is unknown, Stott suggests 1497 and he was buried in Binfield on 16 March 1556/7.  Richard's grandfather William Sr., described as a yeoman, was born around 1527 and was buried on 20 January 1609/10.  He married the widow Joan Dee Miller on 20 April 1567.  She died in Binfield and was buried on 4 June 1601. William in his will leave his estate to his son William Jr. and his children.   Richard was given two ewes, a set of sheets and some candlesticks. 

Richard's father, William Jr., was baptized 13 August 1567 and was buried on 8 June 1630. He married sometime before 1592, the year his first child was baptized. It seems certain that the infant Richard Swaine who was born and died in August of 1594 was William's second child.  The name Richard was reused when William's third child was born just over a year later and he was baptized in Binfield on 26 Sept. 1595.

marriage and family
By 1619 Richard was married.  His first child, William, was born c. 1619 based on his age at immigration.  It is not until the 1634 baptism of his sixth child, John, that the name of his wife is given, she had the very unusual first name of Basill. Her surname is unknown. Their next child, Elizabeth, was born in Newbury, MA. UPDATED INFORMATION: In the Spring 2019 ed. of The Register is the following: A marriage of 'Richard Swayne and Bazill Saunders' in Battersea, Surrey on 8 September 1617 is almost certainly for the immigrant as it is about two years before the birth of his eldest known child and has the unusual given name of his wife. [2]

children of Richard and Basill (Basill cannot be proven to be the mother of the children before John, but I'm gonna run with it anyway)
1.  William b. c. 1619, immigrated at age 16, m. 1649 Prudence Marston, d. 22 April 1658 drowned in a shipwreck, his widow m. Moses Coxe and their daughter Sarah Coxe is an ancestor. 
2. Francis bp. 25 Jan. 1620/1 Binfield, d. Newton, Long Island before April 1665 probate of will.
3. Nicolas bp. 5 March 1623/4 Easthampstead, d. unmarried in Hampton 18 August 1650
4. Grace bp. 25 Feb. 1627/8 Easthampstead m. Nathaniel Boulter
5. Richard bp. 6 March 1630/1 Easthampstead, d. 1633 
6. John bp. 5 Oct. 1634 Easthampstead, m. 1660 Mary Weare, d. before 27 Jan 1717/8 Nantucket
7. Elizabeth bp. 9 Oct. 1638 Newbury, MA, m. Nathaniel Weare in Hampton 1656 d. in Hampton 10 Feb. 1712/3

coming to america
Richard's oldest sons, William and Francis, were recorded as passengers aboard the Rebecca, sailing from London to Boston in 1635. Richard was enrolled 19 September 1635 on the Truelove, sailing from London to Boston, presumably his wife and the remainder of their children were with him.  No one else from his family immigrated.  Berkshire was not a hotbed of Puritan ideals so what the impetus for migration was is unknown, this does not mean it wasn't for religious reasons but economics might have played a hand as well. 

The first recorded stop for the Swaine family was Newbury, Massachusetts. Newbury was first settled in 1635 by a Puritan group from Wiltshire, England. Richard was not there for long, he was never given any land there and his name does not appear in any Newbury records.  In September of 1638 his name was on a list of Newbury men whose petition to begin a new settlement was approved by the General Court.  In October of the same year his daughter Elizabeth was baptized in Newbury, but the event was recorded in the records of their new home, Hampton, New Hampshire. 

On 26 March 1638/9 Richard Swaine was sworn in as a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He began to accrue land beginning with his first 100 acres in 1639. He fulfilled his civic duty by performing the usual town duties, lot layer, commissioner to end small causes, selectman and he served on both the petit jury and the grand jury. He also served as hayward and pound keeper. A haywards job seems to have been to keep the cattle out of the hay meadows.  The pound keeper was in charge of wayward stock and finding out who their owners were. 

order in the court
The early colonists were a contentious bunch, they seem to have been always fighting with their neighbors  The records of the quarterly courts are full of cases involving name calling, slander, spurious speeches, etc.  Trespassing was a common accusation. Frequently townsmen would be involved in multiple cases during the same court session. During the years that Hampton was under the control of Massachusetts their court cases were tried in the Essex Quarterly Courts.

At the court held in Hampton on 26 July 1648 Robert Hithersay was involved in six cases. He charged Richard Swaine, and eight other men of trespass, including Richard's son Francis and his son in law Nathaniel Boulter.  Trespass usually involved cutting trees or encroaching on property lines, etc.  He also seems to have accused Francis Swaine of defamation.  But these weren't the only cases that involved Richard and his extended family.  The same day a George Barley accused Richard, Nathaniel Boulter and Edward Colcord of some unrecorded misdeed, Nathaniel was convicted for the second time of drunkenness and fined, Richard and Nathaniel accused Robert Lord of unjust molestation, Nathaniel accused Lord of slander, Richard accused George Barley and Thomas Petty, and Nathaniel brought suit against Thomas King and George Barley in separate cases, King returned the favor and charged Nathaniel of defamation.  In the same session Richard gave testimony in at least one other case in which he was neither the accuser nor the defendant. 

In a case in 1652 one Henry Green accused Richard of defamation.  It seems Richard had said that Green "had attempted the chastity of Bassill Swaine and used beastly and unseemly carriages and temptations towards Grace Boulter". The charge was withdrawn but Green was later fined for "uncleanness" and bound for good behavior. 

Nearing 62 years of age by 1657, you would supposed that Richard was looking forward to slowing down and spending the rest of his years quietly in Hampton. He had been freed from further military duty in 1653 and despite the death of his wife Bassill, sometime after 1652 and son Nicholas in 1650 and he had land and his other family around him.  

On the 20th of the 8th month 1657 a boat sailing from Hampton the Boston sank just outside the harbor, all aboard were drowned.  William, Richard's eldest son was one of those lost their life that day. In a twist of fate his widow, Prudence Marston, married Moses Cox who had lost his wife and son in the same tragedy.  The subsequent daughter of their marriage is one of my ancestors.  

On 15 September 1658 Richard remarried. His wife was a widow, Jane Unknown Bunker. [3] They had one son, named Richard, born in January of 1659/60. In July of 1659 Richard and a group of men, including his son John, bought a significant amount of property on the Island of Nantucket. On 18 October 1659 and arrest warrant was issued for Richard, Thomas Macy, part of the Nantucket group, and six others.  Their crime; entertaining Quakers. In November Richard was disenfranchised  meaning he was booted out of the church and lost all his rights as a freeman. 

Mary Dyer hanged
for being a Quaker
The puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony to gain religious freedom.  But the only freedom they sought was the freedom to be a good puritan, period.  The puritans hated the catholic church and all other forms of  christian religion, including the Quakers. Quaker missionary began arriving in the colonies almost from the beginning of the religion in the early 1650's.  The were persecuted, whipped, driven out of the colony and at worst executed.  To offer them shelter or to "entertain" them, which I think means allow them to worship in your home, with you in attendance was a crime. Quaker sympathizers were seem as potential recruits and their rights were curtailed.  This is what happened to Richard in 1659. 

1660 was spent selling off all his land and holdings in Hampton as well as his wife Jane's land in Topsfield which she had from her first husband.  By 1661 Richard, Jane and his two sons John and Richard Jr. were in Nantucket. Where they were free to practice their new religion: Quaker. Francis Swaine wrote a letter to his sister Elizabeth Swaine Weare in Oct of 1662 in which he asks her to remember him to their brother John and to say that he is sorry to hear that he had become a Quaker.  

Sadly, Jane died on 31 October 1662, leaving Richard, now almost 70 with a small son to raise. Richard had good genes on his side and he lived until 14 April 1682, age 87. He did not leave a will, having dispersed all his land prior to his death. I doubt that on the day he boarded ship in London he could ever have imagined the twist and turns that were to come in his long life. 

[1] Clifford L. Stott, "The English Origins of Richard Swaine of Hampton, NH and Nantucket", The American Genealogist, Vol. 74, Number 4

[2] Randy A. West, "Update from English Records for Some Great Migration Immigrants Who Came by 1635", The Register, Vol. 173, (Spring 2019) 189.

[3] New Hampshire Marriages, 1720-1920," database, FamilySearch ( : 31 December 2014), Richard Swain and Jane Barker, 12 Sep 1658; citing reference ; FHL microfilm 1,001,302.
note transcription error in Family Search Index, listed as "Jane Barker"

Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634-1635, pg.609-617
Records and Files of the Quarterly Court of Essex

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