Sir Toby became fantastically wealthy when he inherited both his father's and his brother's estates, but squandered his money and ended up in the Fleet prison for debtors in 1637. His wife Jane died 23 March 1637, at the age of 42 and is buried in the church of St. Martin, Chipping Ongar, Essex, England. Her son Horatio Pallavicini, Esq. is also buried in this church. I am willing to state that Jane Cromwell Pallavicini never set foot in Newbury, Massachusetts and never lived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Period!
My second Jane of this blog is Jane Cromwell Pickering, her name seems to be frequently googled. Jane was the daughter of Thomas and Anne Cromwell of Wiltshire, England. The family lived in Malmesbury in the northwest corner of the county of Wiltshire. This family is not connected in any way with the Cromwell's of Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, this includes the family of Oliver Cromwell the Protector and his uncle Sir Oliver Cromwell.
|Market Cross, Malmesbury, England|
Thomas and his family emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1652, they brought with them Phillip's son John. Thomas was a tailor by trade and he set up shop in Salem. His brother Phillip was a butcher. By 1652, Oliver Cromwell, the Protector was in complete control of England. This was a period of reverse migration of staunch puritans from Massachusetts back to England. Those who continued to emigrate to the Colony probably did so for economic reasons.
Jane, born about 1649, she was baptized on 4 July, she was only about 3 years old when her family sailed for America. She married Jonathan Pickering on March 19, 1663 in Salem. Her father Thomas died in March of 1686. Her mother Edith lived with Jane and her husband. Jane became a full member of the Salem church in August of 1694. Jonathan her husband died in 1729.
There is one website in particular that seems to promote the idea that all Cromwell's in America must be related to Sir Oliver, and I won't name them but I will tell you what they said when I asked why, despite obvious evidence to the contrary, do they continue with these assertions. Their answer was "because it gets people to my site and it's good for business". How's that for dedicated genealogy!
George Ruggle, Ignoramus: Comoedia
St. Martins Church, Chipping Ongar website
Find a Grave
William Harvey, The Visitation of Norfolk in the Year 1563, Vol 2
The Builder, The Church of Chipping Ongar, July to Dec 1904, page 146
Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol 39, page 368
The Pickering Genealogy, Vol 1
Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol 13, page 398