Saturday, April 25, 2015

Sanderson and Thornton Facebook Genealogy

Social media is a great way to connect with people; people you know and people you don't know. Most families know who their first cousins are, but not second or third. Social media is great way to find those unknown cousins. Hopefully once you connect you share with each other what you know about your common ancestors. Using Facebook to create a genealogy group is a useful tool to get people together who are researching a common distant ancestor.  Not only can you tell the group what you know, but you can continue to  update them when you find new information.

I recently joined a Sanderson Family genealogy page which focuses on the descendants of Robert, Edward and William Sanderson of Watertown, MA. Already I have gotten new information about my ancestor, William. I also belong to a less active page on the descendants of James and Nancy Thornton. I recently posted and am hoping to get the group more active.

If you are interested in joining either group, contact me and I can give you more information about the groups.

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Henry Sewall Jr. of Newbury, MA

My last Sewall ancestor to be covered in this series is Henry Sewall Jr. of Newbury, MA. I have already written about his daughter Ann and his father, Henry Sr., and his ancestors in England. Henry's father was an interesting character to say the least.  Henry Jr. seems to have been more typical of the Puritan immigrants of the early 1630's. So here is what I know about Henry Sewall of Manchester, England and Newbury, Massachusetts.

english origins
Henry was born in Manchester, England, the son of Henry Sewall and Anne Hunt.  His mother, Anne, died shortly after he was born, probably from complications from childbirth. He was baptized at the church of St. Mary, St. Denys and St. George on 25 June 1615, his mother was buried there on 1 July 1615. Henry's father remarried by the end of the year. His second wife, Ellen Mosley Nugent, a childless widow, would give birth to seven children, none of whom survived childhood.  This made Henry Jr. the only child of a very wealthy man who came from a powerful influential family. For whatever reason, father and son, pulled up stakes and moved to the fledgling colony of Massachusetts in 1634 and 1635 when Henry Jr. was about 19 years of age. 

Henry Jr. sailed to New England a year before his father and step mother, but he didn't go alone. His father also sent servants and cattle to help establish a farm.  Henry landed and wintered in Ipswich.  In early 1635 he moved up to the newly formed plantation of Newbury. Newbury was 42 miles to the north of Boston.  Its land stretched from Plum Island on the coast inland between the Merrimac and Parker Rivers.  The Parker River was named for the Reverend Thomas Parker who had led his congregation from England to settle in Massachusetts.  

Newbury had abundant salt marshes and therefore salt hay, which attracted Henry and others who wanted to raise cattle. Henry Sr. had previously sent cattle to Massachusetts to be cared for by John Perkins of Ipswich. The settlement of Newbury was originally on the south side of the Parker River, it would eventually be moved across the river. House lots were divided up and depending on how much money they had, land was crops and cattle was also given out. Until 1640 everyone was ordered to live within 1/2 a mile of the meetinghouse, probably on Lower Green. And as a good Puritan son, Henry Jr. would have lived with his father until he married.

Henry Jr.'s first big step toward adulthood occurred on 17 May 1637, he became a freeman of the colony, which also meant that he was a member of the church. Correct if I'm wrong but I don't think his father was a freeman or church member.  It is said that he and others from Newbury traveled the 40 miles to Cambridge, site of the Court of Election in 1637, in order to help support the election of John Winthrop who was running against Sir Henry Vane for the Governorship. 

The next step to adulthood was marriage. On March 24 1646, Henry married Jane Dummer, daughter of Stephen and Alice Archer Dummer. The wedding was officiated by Sir Richard Saltonstall. Henry Sewall Sr., whatever his faults, was a generous father. On 5 August 1646 Henry gave his son and new daughter in law a farm of 500 acres at 'Newberry Falls River'. (Many website say that Henry received 500 acres in Coventry, I believe that that is not correct, Henry would get houses and land in England but the 500 acres were in Massachusetts.) Later that same year, Henry Sr. reached an agreement with Jane's father to give Henry Jr. holdings in England. Henry Sr. gave his son, to the best that I can make out, all his land and holdings in Coventry and elsewhere in England.  Henry Jr. would get 2/3 of the income and Henry Sr. would get 1/3 for the remainder of his life. Henry Jr. and his new bride were off to a great start! 

back to england
So the story goes, Mr. and Mrs. Dummer didn't like the climate in Massachusetts and decided to return to England. The winter in Massachusetts was and is rather more harsh that that in England and the summers can be hotter. But, maybe they just didn't like the lifestyle.  The houses were rough with no amenities. The streets were dirt paths, the work was hard, and there were none of the luxuries of England. Maybe they were plain homesick. Maybe the fact that Henry Sr. was a wife beating, loud mouth, nutjob made it easier for his son Henry Jr. to leave his father and return to England with his new wife's parents. 

the reverend sewall
After living at Tamworth, Warwickshire and Bishopstoke, Henry Sewall was given the living at St. John the Baptist in North Baddesley, Hampshire, England. North Baddesley is only about 5 miles from Bishopstoke, the childhood home of Henry's wife Jane Dummer. I wonder if the Dummer family influenced his appointment. I have another question about this appointment, when and where did Henry train to be a minister.  Most of the New England ministers graduated from Cambridge University.  Harvard University was set up to educate Massachusetts men to become ministers. So where did our Henry train?

Henry and Jane had eight children. The first five were born in Warwickshire and Hampshire in England and the last three were born in Newbury, after the family returned to New England. Remarkably, all of their children lived to adulthood, married and had children. 

Hannah-b. 10 May 1649 Tamworth, Warwickshire, m. 24 Aug. 1670 Newbury, Jacob Toppan (b.c.1645, d.30 Dec. 1717 York, ME), d. 11 Nov. 1699 York, ME age 50

Samuel- b. 28 Mar. 1652 Bishop Stoke, Warwick; m. (1) 28 Feb. 1676 Boston, Hannah Quincy (b. 14 Feb. 1658 Boston, d. 19 Oct. 1717 Boston), (2) 29 Oct. 1719 Boston, Abigail Melyen (b.c.1666 Elizabeth, NJ,d. 26 May 1720 Boston), (3) 29 Mar. 1722 Boston, Mary Shrimpton (b. 30 Oct.1667, d. 17 July 1747 Newton), d. 1 Jan. 1730 Boston, age 78

John b. 10 Oct. 1654 North Badesley, Hampshire, bpt.22 Nov. 1654 Biship Stoke, Warwick; m. 17 Aug. 1674 Newbury, Hannah Fessendine (b.c.1647 Canterbury, Kent, d. 4 Apr.1723 York, ME),d. 8 Aug. 1699 Newbury, age 45

 Stephen- b. 19 Aug. 1657 N. Badesley, m. 13 June 1682 Boston, Margaret Mitchell (b.c.1664, d. 20 Jan. 1736 Boston), d. 17 Oct. 1725 Salem, age 68

Jane- b. 25 Oct. 1659 Badesley, m. 24 Sept.1677 Newbury, Moses Gerrish (b. 9 May 1656 Newbury,d. 4 Dec. 1694 Newbury), d. 29 Jan. 1717 Newbury, MA, age 58

Anne- b. 3 Sept. 1662 Newbury, m. (1) 10 Nov. 1678 Newbury, William Longfellow (b. Oct. 1650, d. Oct. 1687), (2). 11 May 1692 Newbury, Henry Short (b. 11 Mar. 1652 Newbury, d. 23 Oct. 1706 Newbury), d. 18 Dec. 1706 Newbury. age 44

Mehitable- b. 8 May 1665 Newbury, m. 15 Nov. 1684 Newbury,William Moody (b. 20 June 1663 Newbury, d. 1730 Newbury), d. 8 Aug. 1702 Newbury, age 37

Dorothy- b. 29 Oct. 1668 Newbury, m.(1). 10 Sept. 1691 Rowley, Capt. Ezekiel Northend (b. 8 Oct. 1666 Rowley), (2) 27 Oct. 1737 Rowley, Moses Bradstreet (b. 17 Oct. 1665 Ipswich, d. 20 Dec. 1737 Ipswich), d. 17 June 1752 Ipswich, age 84.

return to new england
In 1656 Henry's father died in Rowley, MA. Henry Jr. had returned to Massachusetts in 1650 to visit his father, and while there he  bought a house and 40 acres and some 20 acres of salt marsh. In 1658 he sailed for Massachusetts in order to settle his and his father's affairs. He was given a letter from Richard Cromwell, who had assumed the position of Lord Protector of England after the death of his father Oliver. It is believed that Henry intended to return to England but the end of the Puritan Regime and the return of the monarchy seems to have influenced his decision to stay in Massachusetts.

In 1661 Jane and the children returned to New England aboard the good ship the Prudent Mary, their voyage would take 8 weeks. I wonder what Jane felt at leaving her family. She would never see her parents again.

newbury redeaux
So, the Sewall family commit themselves to New England. Henry has a lot of acerage and several houses. He is called Mister Sewall and he takes up his place in colonial society as is expected. He represented the citizens of Newbury as a deputy to the general court. His name is not mentioned much in the county court records, unlike his father who was rarely out of them. I don't see any record of Henry having preached in New England, it seems he just went back to being a gentleman farmer. 

Henry lived a good long life, he died on 16 May 1700.  Jane died the next year in January of 1701. Although, their children all lived to adulthood, they did have the misfortune to have to bury two of them, John and Hannah both died in 1699. 

A Volume Relating to the Early History of Boston Containing the Apspinall Notarial Records from 1644 to 1651, Registry Department, Boston, MA, 1903

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Henry Sewall of Newbury, Mass and his English Ancestry

The Sewall Family has been very thoroughly research by better genealogists than me, in fact there is a great book about the Sewall Family that every researcher should look at.  There are also other Sewall websites with abundant information on the family.  So, why am I writing this article about the family.  First, they are my ancestors and writing about each of them is one of my goals.  Second, I am attempting to write about more than just names and dates. I want to add some flesh to those old bones. Now this isn't always possible, sometimes we are lucky to have names not to mention dates or any further information.  I'm always hoping to come across some little nugget which might shed light of the person themselves.  So, here is what I think I know about Henry Sewall.

english origins
St. Michaels by David Dixon
Henry Sewall was baptized on the 8th of April in 1576 at the church of St. Michael in Coventry.  His parents were Henry Sewall and Margaret Grazebrooke. Henry Sr. was a rich, influential man, who was not only Master of the Company of Drapers, Mayor of Coventry, but also a member of Parliament representing the city. Henry Sr.'s brother William, was equally wealthy and powerful. Margaret Grazebrooke also came from a wealthy family of landowners. Her father styled himself a Gentleman Together she and Henry would have made a formidable team. As the oldest son, Henry Jr. was in a prime position to continue the family business and prominent place in the city of Coventry. But, he didn't.

henry jr.
As I said, Henry Sr. was a linen draper by trade, in other words a cloth merchant. Henry Jr. would have been apprenticed either to his father at age 14, or a fellow draper at age 16. The apprenticeship would last for nine years. Once completed the apprentice was made free of the company and would become a draper, able to set up business. So, Henry would have completed his apprenticeship by the year 1600.

moves and marriages
Henry was know to have married twice. There is a third marriage that has been suggested, supposedly his first one, to a woman named Mary Cawarden, but this marriage in unproven. The first known marriage occurred by 1614. Henry was obviously living and working in Manchester by then, some 100 or so miles from Coventry. Henry's wife was Anne Hunt, little is known about her other than her name. She gave birth to at least one child, Henry, who was baptized in Manchester, Lancashire on 25 June 1615. Anne was buried six days later, on 1 July 1615. I can only assume that the birth of her child led to her demise, as so often happened in those days.

So, what does a widower with a new born baby do?  He gets himself another wife. On 16 December 1615 a marriage license was granted by the Bishop of Chester to Henry Sewall and the childless widow Ellen Mosley Nugent. The license said that both Henry and Ellen were living in the parish of Manchester. Ellen was the daughter of Anthony Mosley of Manchester. He and his brother Nicholas were wealthy cloth merchants, not unlike Henry's father and uncle. Anthony was based in Manchester and Nicholas in London, where he rose in prominence, eventually being elected Mayor of London. The Sewalls and the Mosleys had much in common and it would seem that a marriage between Henry and Ellen, was more of an alliance than a love match and would be beneficial to both families.

Ellen's father Anthony died in 1607, shortly after her first marriage to Walter Nugent.  She and Walter were married for less than eight years when he died.  He was buried in the Manchester Church of St. Mary, St. Denys and St. George on 10 March 1613/14.  Henry's wife Anne was buried there a little over two years later. Although Ellen and Walter had no surviving children, she was still entitled to her dower.  The Nugent family seems to have lots of property in and around Manchester, some to the north of the city center in the area of Crumpsall. Also in this general vicinity was Tetlow, home to Henry Sewall. Given the prominence of all three families, the Nugents, Mosleys and the Sewells, it is quite possible that Henry and Ellen were acquainted long before their marriage.

Ellen gave birth to the first of seven children in 1616. The child, a boy named Samuel, was dead by 1619. This would be the story of all their children.  It was a vicious cycle of birth and death. Samuel was followed by Anna, Sara, Sara, Samuel and a final child whose name was not recorded. The repetitive pain of hope, loss and grief must have been unbearable for Ellen and Henry.

We know from the wills of Henry's father and mother, written in 1624 and 1628 respectively, that his relationship with his parents was contentious at best. In her will his mother forgave him for his sundry offences to her, but withheld any of her fortune, giving him only 12 pence. We have no way of knowing when or why this rift began. Was it the reason for his departure from Coventry? Was he always troublesome or was it something later in life that caused his poor behavior, or did he have some form of mental illness? Whatever the cause, his marriage did not seem to give him or Ellen any happiness.

Although Henry and Ellen did not make the sea journey to Massachusetts until 1635, he was involved in the endeavor since at least 1631. John Winthrop Jr, wrote to his father in April of 1631, forwarding a message asking him to buy goats and pigs for Henry Sewall and to give them to the immigrant John Perkins. Incidentally John Perkins is also one of my ancestors. In 1633 Henry had cattle sent to Massachusetts, for which he seems to have been slow to pay. By 1634 Henry was making serious plans to move his family to Massachusetts. His mother had died in 1632 and he was apparently living back in Coventry.  He had inherited a large amount of property in and around Coventry from his father.  In April of 1634 he sold some of his houses and land, including a house on Bayley Lane to his nephew Henry Power, son of his sister Anne.
In June of that year, Henry made arrangements with two men, John Attwood and George Foxcroft, both of London, to manage the remainder of his land and holdings in England. He also arranged the transportation to Massachusetts of at least one family, the Bosworths, who would presumably be his servants in payment. Unfortunately, Edward Bosworth died aboard ship as it was anchored of of Boston. Henry had to sue his family to recover the cost of the passage.

Henry Sewall Jr. traveled ahead of his father and step-mother, sailing in 1634 aboard the ship the Ellen and Dorcus. He arrived with an 'outfit of servants and cattle'. After spending a short time in Ipswich, Henry Jr. settled in Newbury. Henry Sr. and Ellen followed the next year arriving in 1635. What must Ellen have thought upon arrival. She and her husband were born into wealthy families, constantly surrounded by servants who took care of their every need. She probably wouldn't know the ass end of a cow if it pooped on her shoe. Whose crazy idea was this?

Henry Sr.'s grandson Samuel Sewall wrote in a letter to his son that his grandfather Henry left England 'out of dislike of the English hierarchy'. Henry was a sixty year old rich man, who flaunted his parental authority, beat his wife, and became a pest to the hierarchy in Massachusetts.  He did not seem to need to immigrate for economic reasons and he didn't seem particular religious, so I doubt he did it because he was a staunch Puritan. So what was his true purpose?  I wish I knew.  Maybe, his son Henry Jr., who we know was religious, at least later in life, wanted to get as far away from his father as possible, and Henry Sr. followed him out of spite.

wife beater
You know, I don't like Henry Sewall, not one bit. I know things were different back then, and that hitting your wife did not carry the same criminal and social repercussions as it does today, but really. At a meeting of the General Court of Massachusetts on 6 October 1635, Henry and Ellen appeared to ask for a legal separation. The court agreed and instructed Henry to pay for her clothes, a bed and twenty pounds a year for her maintenance. The couple apparently reconciled as two years later Henry was in court for beating his wife Ellen. This is the last time her name was mentioned, I wonder if she died not long afterwards, poor thing, she had a terrible life.

Henry first bought a house lot in the town of Ipswich, the land amounted to about 3 acres.  He sold this land in 1637 when he moved to Newbury. In Newbury he bought quite a bit of land which he deeded to his son Henry Jr. in 1646 on the occasion of his marriage.  He also agreed to turn over his property in England to his son which was being managed by Foxcroft and Ashwood in return he would get a living. In 1649 he moved to Rowley, where he lived the remainder of his life.

last years
In 1651 Henry caused a ruckus during a church service, he refused to sit down and would not obey the request of his minister Mr.Ezekiel Rogers. He was forced to make a public apology for his actions.  He also had to apologize for accusing a Matthew Boyce of buying his house and trying to kick him, Henry, out of the town. It may be that he was suffering from some type of dementia and was having delusional behavior. In July of 1651 he was accused of battery. He grabbed William Asey by the throat and threw him, calling him names and telling him he would be hanged for lying. His bad behavior continued and he was in court again in 1653 for causing disturbances. At the following court session Henry was again presented for causing a disturbance during a town meeting and for hitting William Asey in the face. He apparently did not like this William Asey! The court finally decided to make Henry pay 20 shillings each month, unless he could get a good report from the selectmen. 1654 saw him in court once again, this time for pushing Mr. Jewett on the Lord's Day, in a very offensive manner.

The last 12 weeks or so of his life he spent in bed being tended to by Goody Bradstreete.  She provided 'surgery' and linen changes. Richard Swan attended him, providing wood, food and washing for those same 12 weeks. Did he have some type of injury which required the surgery provided by Goody Bradstreete? He was definitely no able to care for himself. I am sure the town of Rowley breathed a sigh of relief when he passed, not to mention his son Henry. What an embarrassment his father must have been.

If Henry had any redeeming quality, I suppose it was that he was good to his son, at least in a financial sense. He left Henry all his land in both England and Massachusetts.  And who knows, maybe he was a loving father and grandfather. Maybe we know only his faults and not his virtues.

When he died he left an estate of about 300 pounds.

Anne Sewell's Grazebrooke Ancestry Part One
William Longfellow
William Longfellow's Ancestry
Henry Sewall of Coventry Ancestry
Ancestors of Henry Sewall

Saturday, April 4, 2015

The Sewall Family of Coventry: Ancestors of Henry Sewall of Newbury and Rowley

The known Sewall genealogy begins with William Shewall  of Warwickshire, England. Very little is known about William. He was probably born between 1510 and 1520.  He married a woman named Matilda Horne, the daughter of Reginald Horne and Margery Lee of Shropshire, in the early 1540s. His death is unknown.  According to some trees, he was the son of Sir John Sewall b. 1495 and Elizabeth Stewart b. 1460. Anyone besides me have a problem with this? Not only is Elizabeth too old to be the mother of William there is no proof that his father's name was John, never mind a Sir John Sewell.

I have also seem that William might be the son of a Richard Sewall who lived in Coventry at the right time. There was also a man named John Sewall, a tanner, who was a contemporary of William, were they brothers?

Genealogist have been able to trace Matilda Horne's family back quite a ways.  Much of what we know about Matilda and her ancestors comes from what is known as The Visitation of Shropshire, done in 1623. The visitations were done between 1530 to 1688 by the Kings of Arms.  The purpose of the visits was to regulate and register the use of coats of arms. The heralds would visit each county and record not only the arms in use, but they would also chart the families pedigree. 

Families who claimed the right to armorial bearings were required to bring proof of that right to be scrutinized by the heralds. This proof would include some type of pedigree. We have to have faith in the accuracy and truthfulness of these long ago ancestors. In some cases the pedigrees were inflated, if not downright made up. According to the website,, "While some of the heralds were pioneers in the systematic application of record evidence to genealogy, others were far less skillful and far less scrupulous. Oral information from the family, if unsupported by documentary evidence, can clearly be relied on safely for only one or two generations." That being said, when you look at the visitation for the Horne family, there are no dates listed for the ancestors and many names are unknown. So, it it reliable? I don''t know. 

back to the ancestors
Matilda's father Reginald was born about 1490 in a village called Pikesby in the county of Shropshire. This area of Shropshire is and has always been very rural. The villages are completely surrounded by farmland. Pikesby is not on any of today's maps, but Reginald's son John, Matilda's brother, lived in a village called Childs Ercall. Just to the northeast of this village is a tiny hamlet called Pixley.  Is that the site of Pikesby? It seems likely. 
Pixley Lane

Matilda's mother Margery Lee is also given an estimated date of birth of 1490 in White Church, Shropshire. Nothing is known of her ancestry.

Reginald's parents were, according to the visitation, John Horne and Margery Morton. Both have an estimated birth year of 1464. John was probably born in Pikesby and Margery was born in Gnosall, Staffordshire some 13 miles to the west. I am not going to take the ancestry any further back than this, but Margery Morton has a pedigree going back into early medieval England based on her possible relationship to the Puleston Family of Emral, Wales. However, this relationship has not been proven. Beware when researching this family on as there are many trees with dubious dates for births and deaths. 

William and Matilda had two son who outlived them; William and Henry.  The date of death for William and Matilda are unknown. Both of their sons were very successful businessmen.  William owned a public house and Henry was a linen draper.  Both were Mayors of Coventry. Lucky for us, this means that there is some documentation for both of them. 

William was a Draper as well as a Vintner, a retailer of wine and spirits, in Coventry.  He married Ann Wagstaff in 1581. He was one of Coventry's richest men when he died in 1624.

Bayley Lane
Henry Sewell was born about 1544 in Coventry, Warwickshire. He married Margaret Grazebrooke by 1575. Henry was named in Margaret's father's will. Henry was a linen draper by trade. A draper dealt with cloth. He was apparently quite successful in business as well as in politics. He was made free of the Coventry Drapers Company in 1566, which means he had completed his apprenticeship. He was made Master of the Company for the first time in 1573. He served as Master at least eight times, possibly ten. 

Henry also served as Sheriff of Coventry 1581-1582. He became a member of the city's Great Council of Coventry beginning in 1585 and remained a member until his death. He was an Alderman in 1597 and eh was elected twice to serve as Mayor of the city of Coventry, first in 1587 and again in 1606. Henry traveled to London multiple times in an official capacity on behalf of the City of Coventry.

In 1621, at the great age of 77 he was chosen to represent the city in the house of commons in parliament, this was the first parliament called by the King since 1614. King James was in his last years of his increasingly unpopular reign. Parliament was fighting back against his assertions of his divine right to rule and in 1621 issued an official declaration known as the Protestation of 1621. The House of Commons reaffirmed their right to freedom of speech in response to King James assertion that they had no right to debate foreign policy. This did not go down well with the King who had the Declarations principal author arrested and immediately dissolved Parliament. 

Henry and his wife Margaret would have had a very busy life.  They were known to have lived on Bayley Lane in the heart of Coventry. The St. Mary's Guildhall was also on Bayley Lane. Henry would have spent a great deal of time there as the Council meetings were held there. Mary Queen of Scots was believed to have been kept for a time in the Draper's Room at the Guildhall during her lengthy imprisonment. 

 Margaret gave birth to at least four children, two sons and two daughters.  Their eldest son was named for his father. That appears to be all they had in common. 

wills and willful children
Ann Sewall Brass
Henry Sewell was about 80 years old when he finally felt the need to write his will on 16 January 1624. He had amassed quite a portfolio of property in and around the city of Coventry. In his will he gave the bulk of his estate to Margaret to hold for the rest of her life. Because of a rift in the family, his heir, Henry Jr., would not inherit any property until after the death of Margaret. He left his home on Bayley Lane to his youngest daughter Margaret. Henry died on 26 April 1628. He was buried in the Draper's Chapel of St. Michael's Cathedral which was on Bayley Lane.  The Draper's Company had at one time paid a priest to say daily masses in the Chapel. His sister in law, Ann Wagstaff Sewall was buried there in 1609 and had a brass attached to her tomb. This was all destroyed when the Cathedral was bombed during WWII, but a drawing of her brass survived in an old book on Coventry. 

Margaret wrote her will shortly after Henry died. She too lived to a great age, being over 80 when her will was written. She first asked to be buried in the Draper's Chapel near her husband.  She then made a bequeath to her three youngest children.  Her daughters were both married to 'Gentlemen' so they seem to have married well. She next forgives her son Henry, saying that had offended her many times, but hoped that he would be good to his brother and sisters, calling on Almighty God to give him a heart. She left him 12 pence in money, a pittance.  It seems her forgiveness did not extend to her pocketbook. Margaret died four years later, her will was proved on 13 June 1632. By then Henry Jr. was already making plans to immigrate to New England.

Henry Sewall of Newbury and Rowley, Massachsuetts
Anne Sewell's Grazebrooke Ancestry Part One
William Longfellow
William Longfellow's Ancestry
Henry Sewall of Coventry Ancestry

The Visitation of Shropshire 1623

Roles of Men, Women and Children in 17th Century Puritan Massachusetts

In 17 th century pur itan Massachusetts , the roles of men , women and children were very clearly defined . Men were the ...