Thursday, May 30, 2013

Enoch Rowell and Meriam Converse of Candia, New Hampshire

background
Enoch Rowell was born in Amesbury, MA in 1716, first son of John and Elizabeth Colby Rowell.  This is not confirmed by any record, but he is believed to have been their oldest child and since John and Elizabeth married in 1715, the first child usually follows within a year or so. Alternatively, he was not their first child and was not born until 1720 or later.  This later birth date makes sense when you take into consideration his age at the time of marriage and military service.

John Rowell, his father, moved his wife and family from Amesbury to Chester, New Hampshire about 1729. John's  family had lived in Salisbury/Amesbury since the 1640's when the area was first settled.  Chester was incorporated in 1722 and was drawing many men from Salisbury and Amesbury who wanted the opportunity to buy land. Elizabeth's brother Enoch was already in Chester, where he served as selectman and tythingman for many years. According to the book, The History of Chester, John was the first settler on the north end of house lot 114.  On 1 July 1729 he bought house lot #50 and he and Benaiah Colby divided the two lots crosswise.

 In 1736/7 John died, leaving Elizabeth with as many as eight children, her youngest was only about 3 months old.   Elizabeth turned administration of her husband's estate over to her brother Enoch Colby, the value of which was only about  142 pounds. If Enoch was her eldest son, and if he was born in 1716, he would have been at least 20 years old at the time of his fathers death.  Would she have turned over her husband's estate to her brother if she had a son who was for all intents and purposes a grown man?

Widow Rowel appeared in two town  inventories, one in 1741 and in 1745. In each she had some land and a cow. I am not sure if that was the land bought by her husband John.  In 1746 Enoch deeded his 2/6 share in his father's land to his Uncle Enoch Colby.  Enoch had previously bought both Judith's and Elizabeth's 1/6 shares in 1744.  

seige of louisborg
In 1744 England and France declared war on each other. The British Colonies took the opportunity to rid themselves of their French enemies on Cape Breton Island in the Fort called Louisborg.  The French had been interfering with British fisherman and making a general nuisance of themselves. On 13 Feb 1745, Private Enoch Rowell joined Capt. Williams Company in Col. Moore's regiment and headed off to War. The British out-manned and outgunned the French and after 6 weeks and 5 days the French surrendered.

In July of 1646 Enoch served in Captain Daniel Ladd's Company on a scouting mission around Canterbury, NH, looking for marauding Indians.  He missed serving with Robert Rogers by a month or so.  Robert Rogers founded the first company of Rangers. The Ranger history can be traced to today's Army Rangers.

marriage and children
Enoch married Meriam Unknown about 1746 based on the birth of their first child.  No birth date is known for Meriam, I think the year 1716 is used based on the possible birth date of Enoch.  However if they were both born in 1716 this would make them 30 years old at the time of their first marriage and Meriam would have been 52 when she gave birth to her youngest child and that doesn't seem right to me.  Meriam's surname is believed to be Converse, based on the name's use in her grandchildren. Her parents are unknown.

chester and candia
Enoch sold his 2/6 share of his father's land in 1746 and bought a new lot, #50, in the third division of Chester.  The new settlement was begun in 1743 as part of Chester, but in 1763 it was incorporated into the town of Candia.  So in other words Enoch lived on the same plot of land but the name of the town changed.

children of Enoch and Meriam
Elizabeth b. 12 April 1750 Chester d. 13 July 1752 
John b. 12 April 1752 Chester d. 14 November 1752
Miriam b. 30 Sept. 1753 Chester m. John Cammet of Candia
Enoch b. 3 July 1756 Chester d. 2 Aug. 1840 Plainfield, NH   ancestor
Judith b. 1761 d. 20 Dec. 1781
Mary b. 29 Jan 1763 Chester d. 1822 New York m. Henry Gotham
Daniel b. 3 Sept. 1765 Candia (possibly the Captain Daniel Rowell of Maine)
Eliphalet b. 8 June 1768 Candia m. Abigail Smith, d. 1801 Livermore, Maine

1776
Well we all know what happened in 1776, or at least we should!  In 1775 Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys captured Ft. Ticonderoga in New York, on the Vermont border. From the fort the Americans were able to launch an invasion of Canada.  In August of 1776, Enoch enlisted in Captain Joseph Dearborn's Company in  Col. Issac Wyman's Regiment in Continental service against Canada.  The American invasion was not going well and the army was retreating. Col. Wyman's regiment was sent to Fort Ticonderoga to support the retreat. In December they returned to New Hampshire for winter quarters. Enoch did not make it home alive.
There is a story about Enoch's death that seems to have been accepted as truth, it goes:
Enoch Rowell Sr. and Enoch Rowell Jr. both served in the Revolutionary War. When their term of enlistment expired, they were discharged and, as was the custom, were left to get home as they could. They traveled on foot together many a weary mile, mostly through woods, with here and there a small settlement. Before reaching their home in Candia, N. H., the elder man's strength failed him, weakened as he was by the hardships and privations of his military service, and his son went forward to procure help. On returning with assistance, the son found his father sitting on a log where he had left him, with his cane between his knees, both hands on top of the cane, his head on his hands--dead. 
It makes for a good story but there are some glaring errors.  While it is true that both Enoch and his son and namesake were in military service at the same time, Enoch Jr. was in New York with Lt. Col. Loammi Baldwin's Regiment.  He did not muster out until January 3rd of 1777 at Peekskill, New York.  He did have a long walk home, but not with his father.  
Enoch died on 19 November 1776 at Ft. Ticonderoga. Meriam was made administrator of his estate on 21 December 1776 and inventory of which was taken on 24 March 1777. His estate was very modest including a 16 acre lot with house and a 100 acre lot in Candia.  He also owned a pair of spectacles. In 1801 Enoch's land was divided up between Meriam and her children.

Meriam died on 12 December 1813 in Candia. There is no known grave for her.  Whether Enoch was buried at Ft. Ticonderoga or at Candia I do not know.
Related Posts:
Enoch Rowell Jr. and Rachel Worthen



Sources:
David Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, 1897
William Haslet Jones, The Rowell Family of New England
E. N. Pearson, Roll of New Hampshire men at Louisborg, Cape Breton, 1745, Concord, 1896
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Louisbourg_(1745)
Benjamin Chase, History of Old Chester, 1719 to 1869, Auburn, 1869
Colby Family and others website
Isaac W. Hammond, Rolls of the Soldiers in the American Revolution, Concord, 1885, p. 327
C. E. Potter, The Military History of the State of New Hampshire from it's Settlement in 1823 to the Rebellion in 1861, 1868

Friday, May 24, 2013

John Hammond of Watertown, Massachusetts

english origins
John Hammond was born in Lavenham, Suffolk, England, where he was baptized on 2 July 1626 in the parish church called St. Peter and St. Paul. He was the youngest child of William and Elizabeth Paine Hammond, both from Lavenham who left England in the early 1630's for a new 'debt free' life in Watertown in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
In April of 1634 John, aged seven, sailed on the ship the "Francis" from the port of Ipswich with his mother and sisters.  Some weeks later they arrived in Massachusetts, where his father and older siblings were already establishing a new life.  The family eventually settled in Watertown, where John would live for the remainder of his life. 

watertown
Life in Watertown was not easy, especially in the early years.  John's oldest brother William Jr. was killed by Indians in 1636 after he was shipwrecked off Long Island.  He had been on an important trading mission to Virginia  hoping to trade goods for food for the  hungry colonists who were having trouble growing adequate supplies of grain.
John would have lived at home with his parents until he married which he did about 1652 at age 26. A man was either the head of a house or he lived "under family government", he could not live alone and unmarried.  John was to marry three times in his life, and have children with two of them..  His first wife was Abigail Salter, she is my ancestor.  Abigail was the daughter of George Salter and Elizabeth Munning of Suffolk, England.  She had immigrated to Massachusetts with her siblings. Her parents remained in England.
Abigail and John had three children, the first a son named John was born 3 Feb. 1653/4. He was followed by Elizabeth born in 1655 and Abigail born in 1659. John Jr. died in 1659, age 5.  Abigail Salter Hammond died in 1663, leaving John with two small daughters and his nephew Thomas, son of his brother Thomas who had died in 1655. Thomas Jr.'s mother died shortly after his birth leaving him an orphan.

second marriage
John did what most widowers of that age did, he remarried as fast as possible.  In March of 1664 he married a young woman, about 21 years old, whose name was Sarah Nichols.  Of their six children only two lived to adulthood.  Sarah died in 1688 aged 45.

children of John and Sarah
Sarah b.  1666 Watertown d. 11 Sept. 1674 age 8
Hannah b. 25 July 1669 d. 18 Feb 1669/70
Hannah b. 25 July 1673 m. John Pulter
Nathaniel b. July 1677 d. Feb 1677/8
Samuel b.  25 Feb 1679/80  died young
Hepzibah b. abt 1681/82 m. William Shattuck 23 Sep. 1708

watertown records reveal
John's name started to appear in the Watertown records about 1656. By then he was a married man with children and beginning to be offered and take on roles in the running and maintenance of the town. His first job was to keep the town hogs in order.  This may seem like a silly sort of job, but it was actually quite important.  Pigs, sheep and cattle and horses could do extensive damage to crops if left to run a muck. He also served as surveyor of fences and cattle.  He once complained at a meeting of the Selectmen that his neighbor wasn't keeping up his fence which divided the properties.  After reviewing the said fence, the Selectmen found both men negligent and told them both to fix it.
The colonist were pretty good about seeing to the needs of their neighbors who fell on hard times, either through age or disability.  John was tasked several times to provide wood, food and clothing for other townspeople, he was reimbursed by the town for doing so. Sometimes the town would work out arrangements allowing a townsman to farm the land of an elderly neighbor in exchange for their care.
John served as town constable and as a Selectman.  He was either referred to as John Hammond or Corporal, Coronet, Lieutenant Hammond.  By 1690, John was apparently the wealthiest man in Watertown, he was charged the highest tax rate that year. He could afford three servants, two white and one black.

contentious neighbors
For a supposedly religious group of people the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony seemed a very contentious bunch and they were quick to take each other to court.  John was no exception.  In 1673 the Whittakers, John and Elizabeth, moved onto a farm adjoining the Hammonds.  This was not the start of a happy relationship.  In April 1676 Elizabeth Whittaker testified in court that John Hammond had hit her husband with a big stick and "threw her down and tread on her stomach and then laughed and jeered at her and bid her husband carry her home in a cart". This assault of the couple seems to have stemmed from an earlier incident in which John Whittaker came into John Hammond's barn and the two men got into a verbal shouting match about fences, sheep and such and ended with John Whittaker attacking John Hammond with a cudgel. 18 year old Abigail Hammond testified that "my father warded off the blow with his pitchfork staff and as he went away Whittaker said to my father 'you devil you, I will be avenged of you one time or another'. "  This squabbling went on until 1678 when the Whittakers finally left town.

third marriage
In November 1689 John married the twice widowed Prudence Wade Crosby Cotton.  Her father had been wealthy as had her first two husbands. Her first husband was a doctor and the second was the Rev. Seaborn Cotton, son of the the Rev. John Cotton who was one of the most influential men in the Colony.  This, I think, says a lot about John Hammond and his position in society.  Prudence would outlive John and be widowed for the third time.

rip
John Hammond died on 22 Nov 1709, he was buried in the Watertown burial grounds.  Prudence died in 1711.






Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, 1620-1633
J. G. Bartlett, "Notes and Quires" NEGHR, vol. 57, p. 331
Walter Watkins, "Notes and Queries", NEGHR vol. 55, p. 108
Henry Bond, Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Including Waltham and Weston, Boston, 1860
findagrave.com
ancestry.com
Watertown Records Volumes One and Two
Roger Thompson, Divided We Stand, Watertown, Massachusetts 1630-1680, University of Massachusetts Press, 2001

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Ancestry of William Payne and Agnes Neves of Lavenham, Suffolk, England

William Payne and Agnes Neves his wife were the parents of a very adventurous group of children.  Their daughter Elizabeth Payne married John Hammond, together they  immigrated to Watertown, MA with their children between 1630 and 1634. But Elizabeth was not alone in her move to a new world, her sisters Dorothy and Phoebe and her brother William also immigrated.

the book is wrong
If you think you know who William's parents were, I'd wager a guess that you are wrong. Let me start out by saying that the 1881 book, "The Paine Family" by Albert Paine was proved incorrect in 1915.  The ancestors of William Payne of Lavenham were not the Paynes of Hengave and Nowton Manor, sorry. I know that this is all over ancestry.com and other family websites and blogs, including one which I have found to be frequently wrong but often copied, minerdescent. If you do any research yourself, instead of coping other peoples mistakes, you will quickly see that the William of the Manor of Nowton could not be the William of Lavenham.  What most people seem to have done is taken the Paynes of Lavenham, their baptisms and deaths and sorta said they were born in Nowton Parish of Lavenham, something like that.  But Nowton in Nowton and Lavenham is Lavenham, two entirely different places, each with it's own parish church.

so who were they
William's family can be traced back to Thomas and Alice Payne of Boxted, Suffolk. Thomas wrote his will and died in February of 1544/5 he named his wife Alice and children: Richard, John, William, Alice and Robert. He requested he be buried in the parish churchyard.  Richard was his heir and as such received the land.  William, son of Thomas had three known children: William Jr., Thomas and Agnes. The name of William Sr.'s wife is unknown as are the birth dates of the children.

In 1559 a birth of a son Thomas is recorded in the Lavenham parish records.  He was, most likely, the son of William Jr., who is presumably now married and living in Lavenham, some seven or eight miles from Boxted. William's brother Thomas married Agnes Wyatt in 1561 and their sister Agnes married George Seargentson in Lavenham in 1565. The three children of William Sr. were all living in Lavenham at that time.

William Jr. and his wife, possibly the Widow Joane Payne who died in 1594 had at least two sons, the Thomas born in 1559 and a son William III.  This William is the one who married Agnes Neves of Lavenham in 1584.  The births of their children are recorded in the Lavenham parish records beginning with Elizabeth, my ancestor, who was born in 1586.  William Jr. died the following year in 1587. William III, called William Payne the Elder in the records, died in 1621.  His son William and daughters Dorothy, Phoebe and Elizabeth are the siblings who immigrated to Massachusetts. When Agnes died she left her home in Lavenham Market to her daughter Susan and left money to her son Richard, both of whom remained in England. Agnes was buried in the Lavenham churchyard.

This unit of Payne family members obviously lived, married, die and were buried in Lavenham.  They had no connection to Nowton Manor.





Sources:
Elizabeth French, Genealogical Research in England, NEGHR, vol. 69 pp.
G. Andrews Moriarity, Jr., Genealogical Gleanings in England, NEHGR, vol. 79, pp. 82-24
Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration: Immigrants 1634-1635, vol. 5, M-P

Thursday, May 16, 2013

William Hammond of Lavenham, England and Watertown, MA

In 1630 William Hammond, Trader, of Lavenham, England, was broke. The textile industry that had brought prosperity to East Anglia was suffering through a great depression, thousands of textile workers lost their income, and with no money to spare, merchants and other traders went down with them. Just as the economy was tanking, Puritan teachings were on the rise. In 1630 John Winthrop and Company landed in America and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.  In 1631, William Hammond boarded the "Lyon" in Bristol and left England and his creditors behind and "fled into New England".  

english origins
anthony chammond flicker
William Hammond was born in 1575 in Lavenham, Suffolk, England. His father was Thomas of Lavenham, son of John of Long Melford and Lavenham. John Hammond was in the cloth business for which the area was famous and on which its wealth was based.  When he died in 1551 he left his son Thomas a house in Long Melford, he himself had inherited it from his father, also called John.  John and his wife Agnes had at least seven children, one of whom, Margaret Hammond Jollye, was named in her brother Thomas' will. Agnes Hammond died on 6 Jan 1576/7 in Lavenham.  Note: Agnes is not Agnes Garrold, that Agnes was married to a John Hammond of Lawshall. And FYI  neither John Hammond and Agnes were a Lord and Lady as they are ridiculously described on ancestry.com trees.  

Thomas apparently did not want the house in Long Melford.  The court rolls show that he gave up the house on Hall Street in 1577. His brother William did live in Long Melford and raised his family there. His son Thomas Hammond was the immigrant to Newton, MA. Thomas married Rose Trippe in Lavenham on 14 May 1573. He does not appear to have been in the Cloth Trade himself, rather he owned various agrigultural properites and probably was a farmer.

William's father died on 24 November 1589 when he was only 14 years old.  Thomas left a will which helps to identify his wife and children. His only child not named in the will was baby Thomas, who died before his father. Note: this Thomas is not the one who immigrated to America.  
Will of Thomas Hammond of Lavenham, Suffolk written 2 Oct. 1589 (rewritten by me)
first I bequeath my soul unto Almighty God, my maker and redeemer and my body to the earth
item.  I give to Rose my wife, my house where Thomas Westlie now lives, with all the household items during the term of her natural life.  After she dies it all goes to my son William and his heirs
item. I give to Rose my field called Great Lyverdowne with a convenient way to the same through my lane that lies between the land of John Woode, the elder and Robert Daniel through my field called Litter Liverdon for her "drift and carriage" during the term of her natural life. After she died it all goes to William
item. I give to Rose my field called Little Lyverdon and the lane leading to it and all its appurtences during her life.  After her death it goes to my daughter Elizabeth and her heirs.  If she dies before Rose and has no heirs it goes to William and his heirs.
item.  I give to Rose my daughter forty shillings to be paid at ? age
item.  I give to Martha my daughter forty shillings
item.  I give to Marie my daughter forty shillings
item.  I give to Susan my daughter forty shillings
item.  I give to Margaret Jollye my sister a feather bed and a ship chest.
The residue of all my goods, corn, cattle, money, movables  plate, household stuff after my debts are paid I give to my wife Rose who I make and ordain to be sole Executrix of my last will and testament.

Children of Thomas and Rose baptized at St. Peter and St. Paul Lavenham
1.  Elizabeth bap. 1 April 1574 m. Daniel Livermore she was alive in 1633
2.  William bap. 30 Oct. 1575 d.  8 Oct. 1662 Watertown, MA
3.  Rose bap. 17 April 1578 buried 23 March 1604/5 Lavenham
4.  Martha bap. 6 Nov. 1580 m. Timothy Smart of Lavenham
5.  Susanna bap. 15 March 1581
5.  Marie bap. 7 July 1583
6.  Thomas bap. 9 Jan 1585/86  buried 16 Jan 1585/6 Lavenham

Rose Trippe Hammond wasted no time in finding a new husband.  She married on 30 April 1590 to Robert Steward. There is no record of Rose having any other children, at least none that survived her.  She wrote her will in 1633, possibly so she could send a copy with William when he returned to Massachusetts. Rose had inherited twelve acres of land from her father which she in turn left to her son.  This land was disputed in a court case in later years.

william and his family
William married Elizabeth Paine of Lavenham in 1605.  She was the daughter of William and Agnes Neves Paine of Nowton and Lavenham, Suffolk. Her family will be the topic of another blog.  There doesn't seem to be any info on the family outside the births/baptisms of their children, all born in Lavenham. Their first child was born in 1607 and was not surprisingly named William.
Saint Peter Saint Paul Lavenham

children of William and Elizabeth
1. William bap. 20 Sept. 1607  Lavenham d. 1636 killed in an Indian attack age 29
2. Anne bap. 19 Nov 1609 Lavenham d. 7 June 1615 Lavenham age 6
3. John bap. 5 Dec. 1611 Lavenham d. 16 Aug. 1620 age 9
4. Hannah b. July 1616 Lavenham d. 1 Sep. 1685 Watertown m. Timothy Hawkins/ Elis Barron
5. Thomas bap. 17 Sep. 1618  m. Hannah Cross 1655 Watertown d. 1655 Watertown age 37
6. Elizabeth b. abt. 1619 Lavenham, m. Samuel House 1636 Watertown, d. by 1661
7. Sarah bap. 21 Oct 1623 Lavenham, m. Richard Smith of Long Island d. unknown
8. John bap. 2 July 1626 Lavenham d. 22 Nov 1709 Watertown

leaving england
So, William was broke and declared bankrupt; creditors were on his heels.  All around him in Lavenham, Rattlesden, Boxted and other surrounding towns, whole family groups were picking up and leaving England for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.  Was he a devout Puritan?  Did he leave England for religious reasons or economic ones?  In 1631 he boarded the "Lyon" in Bristol Harbour and traveled to the Colony without his family. (there is some confusion as to when exactly William left England, some say 1 Dec. 1630, some May of 1631, Great Migration says late 1631).
The rest of the family came over in stages over the next few years.  William Jr. was in the Colony by 1633, he was mentioned by John Winthrop Jr. in a letter sent back to England.  Ann and Thomas may have come with him at that time.  In the spring 1634 Elizabeth and the rest of the children, daughters Elizabeth and Sarah and youngest child John,  sailed on the "Francis" from Ipswich.  Elizabeth was 47 when she left England, William was 55, it must have been quite a challenge starting from scratch at their age.  According to author/historian Roger Thompson, William Sr. traveled back to England to collect Elizabeth and the children. He carried letters and and vinegar for the Colony on the return trip.

watertown
Watertown was one of the first settlements started by the initial wave of immigrants that made up the Winthrop Group.   There are two great books by Roger Thompson that delve into the history of Watertown, I highly recommend each.  He goes into great depth into the formation and early days of the town. Starting a new town from scratch is no easy thing, especially in an environment of which you are completely ignorant . Suffice it to say that things were off to a rocky start.
By 1636 the Hammond Family was settled in Watertown. The settlers were have trouble growing enough grain and other foodstuffs to feed themselves. In June of 36, William Jr. set off on a trading mission to Virginia.  Sailing on a coastal schooner with one other companion, they carried "anything they could make or borrowe", they were on a mission to secure "corne" for their hungry fellow settlers.  Unfortunately the schooner was shipwrecked in the Long Island Sound. William made it shore, but there he was attacked and killed by Indians.  His murder helped propel the new Colony into their first war with the Native Indians, the Pequot War.

back in england
Rose Trippe Hammond Steward was able to ward of his son's creditors as they had tried to take her land away from her, but since she held it for the duration of her life, they could not seize it.  Rose died in 1645 and left the land to her son William.  In 1647 Thomas Hammond was sent by his father to claim ownership of the land and receive rents and other monies due from the land. This begin accomplished Thomas returned again to Watertown.  The land would be eventually seized and sold off and Thomas' son would try to reclaim it in 1683. Thomas was quite successful merchant and at age 37, the year of his death, he was one of the richest men in town. Sadly he died at a very young age as did his wife.  Their only child, was raised by his uncle John Hammond.

life in watertown
Life for the Hammond's seemed to be fairly similar to their contemporaries enduring the highs and lows of life.  I am not sure if they were hard core Puritans like some of the other early immigrants.  They had their share of failings.  Williams was in the bilboes for drinking too much.  His son John had his run in's with his neighbors, which dragged through the courts. In 1640 his daughter Sarah's finance dumped her and had to be taken to court to see the error of his ways and enforce his commitment to marry her.  William was also accused of harboring Quakers, a serious offence in those days.

rip
For all the difficulties of their lives, William and Elizabeth  each lived to a very great age.   William died in 1662, out living most of his children.  Elizabeth died in 1670.



Sources:
Charles Robert Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, Immigrants from 1620-1633
Our English Parent Towns, New England HIstorical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 56, 1902 p. 184
Frederick Stam Hammond, History and Genealogies of the Hammond Family in America, Onida, NY, 1902
findagrave.com
Roger Thomspon, Divided We Stand, Watertown, Mass 1630-1680, University of Massachusetts, 2001
Katherine A. Grandjean, New World Tempests, Environment, Scarcity and the Coming of the Pequot War, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol 62, Number 1, pp. 75-100

Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Jonathan Blanchard and Hannah Chadwick of Canterbury, NH



beginnings
Jonathan Blanchard was born in 1750 in Hollis, New Hampshire. His parents were Benjamin Blanchard Jr. and Keziah Hastings.  Amazingly he was a fourth generation American.  His 3 x great grandfather, Thomas Blanchard, brought his family to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639. Keziah's ancestor Thomas Hastings arrive in 1634.  By the time of his birth Jonathan's father, Benjamin Blanchard Jr., had moved the family from Massachusetts up into New Hampshire, eventually settling in Canterbury.  Jonathan was the son of his father's second wife Keziah, one of about 16 children. After Keziah's death, Benjamin Jr. married for a third time, giving Jonathan siblings almost 30 years younger than himself.  

town life
Jonathan married Hannah Chadwick of nearby Boscawen on October 13, 1722 and established his own home.  His name appeared in the 1774 Canterbury Tax Rolls.  (this is the earliest rolls I can find) His name remained on the rolls until at least 1808, the last that I can find. In the town records, which also begin in 1774, his name frequently appears as  he served as the town hog reeve multiple times, as well as other offices. The hog reeve was responsible for the prevention of damage done by pigs.  
Many of Jonathan's brothers served as soldiers in the American Revolution, he however did not.  Possibly because he was married and had children and they, the brothers, were still single, who knows. There were, at the time, three or four other men in New Hampshire named Jonathan Blanchard who did serve during the war and their service is sometimes attributed to  our Jonathan. He was also not part of the Green Mountain Boys, I have seen this written about him as well. 
Colonial Ferry by artist-historian Sidney King
After the war, land was opening up in the neighboring state of Vermont and most of his siblings ended up making the move. After 1786 only Jonathan, his brother Benjamin III and their father remained in Canterbury.  Jonathan's father operated a ferry that crossed the Merrimack River and it is possibly that Jonathan continued to run the ferry after the death of his father and brother.  The ferry was replaced by a bridge in 1804.  

Children of Jonathan and Hannah
James b. January 15, 1774 m. Phebe Carter d. Greensboro, VT
Jacob b. 13 November 1775 d. 1779
Edmund b. 27 Jan 1778 m. Feb 6, 1807 Anna Abbott d. Nov 27 1836 Greensboro, VT
Jacob b. 10 May 1780 m. 1807 Hannah McCrillis d. Canterbury, NH
Polly b. 1781 d. 1886
Sally b. May 21 1782, m. Baxter Lyon of Craftsbury, VT
Hannah m. Dec. 26, 1809 Jonathan Lougee
Samuel b.  m. Hannah Diamond in 1819, he died same year, one son born posthumously
Jonathan Blanchard
rip
Jonathan died in Greensboro, Vermont.  It is not known when or where Hannah died. There is no headstone for her in Greensboro, so my guess is she died in Canterbury. In his obit it is said that he was of Canterbury, NH which leads me to believe that he did not live in Greensboro for a great length of time. 

Related Posts:
Thomas Blanchard of Watertown, MA
Benjamin Blanchard and Keziah Hastings
Benjamin Blanchard Sr. and Mary Abbott
Thomas Hastings and Sarah Sanderson


Sources:

"History of the Town of Hollis, New Hampshire from its first settlement until the year 1789", A. Williams and Company, Boston, 1889

James Otis Lyford, "History of the Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire,1727-1912", Rumford, 1912

James Otis Lyford, History of the Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire, 1727-1912, Genealogy and Appendix, Rumford, 1912

www.historicbridges.com

Lucy Rogers Hill Cross, History Of Northfield, New Hampshire, 1780-1905, Concord, NH, 1905

Town Records of West Dunstable and Hollis, available on Familysearch.com

Town Records of Canterbury, available on familysearch.com

findagrave.com

Saturday, May 4, 2013

Benjamin Blanchard Jr. of Hollis and Canterbury, NH and his three wives

background 
Benjamin was the son of Benjamin Sr. and his wife Mary Abbott Blanchard. He was born in Andover but moved with his father to Hollis New Hampshire by 1743. He managed to survive the "throat distemper" of 1739 which claimed the lives of 4 of his siblings and was one of four children, out of 12, that survived to adulthood.  

a brief first marriage
On Oct 4, 1743 he married Elizabeth Holt in Andover. She was probably the daughter of Moses and Elizabeth Holt of Andover.  She gave birth to a boy, Benjamin Jr., on July 2, 1744, she was dead by August and the baby in October.  Benjamin remarried in December of the same year. 

better luck next time
His second wife, Keziah, was either healthier or had better luck.  She gave birth to at least fifteen children.  Their first child was born in 1745, a second Benjamin Jr. and the last in 1766, all were born in Hollis, New Hampshire.   
Keziah Blanchard was born Keziah Hastings in 1723.  When I first started writing this blog post I thought I knew who her parents were, but while doing additional research I am beginning to think that I might have it wrong.  I have previously written that her father was Thomas Hastings and mother Sarah White of Littleton, MA.  They had a daughter born 7 July 1723 in Lexington, MA prior to their remove to Littleton.  Littleton, MA is about 20 or so miles from Dunstable.  I supposed that Benjamin could have traveled there on some business or such and met Keziah there.  But in the reference books Keziah is said to be from Dunstable. Their marriage is recorded as 11 December 1744 Benjamin Blanchard and Keziah Hastings both of West Dunstable.  In both "The History of the Town of Hollis" and "The History of the Town of Canterbury" Keziah is said to be from Dunstable, no mention of Littleton or any reference to her father is in these two book.  
In the book "An Account of Some of the Early Settlers of West Dunstable, Monson and Hollis, New Hampshire" John Hastings and his wife Keziah Unknown lived in Dunstable with their four daughters, Elizabeth, Keziah, Mary and Sarah and their son William.  All the girls married Hollis men. The book goes on to say that the four sisters had 42 children between them.  This second candidate seems to be their more sensible choice for Keziah's parents.  but at any rate Benjamin married Keziah. Anyone out there who can help with this?  I sure need it!

Toto we're not in Massachusetts anymore
Benjamin Jr., his father and brothers were living in an area of Massachusetts that became known as West Dunstable.  They and others living in this area had petitioned to become their own town, separate for Dunstable and were finally granted that right shortly before the English Government ended a lengthy border dispute between New Hampshire and Massachusetts. It is interesting to read the town records of West Dunstable and follow the changes as they came. West Dunstable became Hollis, New Hampshire in 1746, it's charter granted by King George II.  Benjamin and his father began appearing in the town records in 1743.  While neither was chosen for the most prominent of positions they were obviously active in the running of the town.  


Children of Benjamin and Keziah:
Benjamin III b. November 15, 1745 d. 1789 in Canterbury
Keziah b. March 26, 1747 d. 1837 Greensboro, VT
Abiel b. Jan 9, 1749 d. 1749 Hollis
Jonathan b. June 28, 1750 d. 1837 Greensboro, VT
Abiel b. December 1, 1751 d. 1803 Peacham, VT
Isaac b. April 14, 1753 (this is not the Isaac who died 1826)
Dorcas b. February 25, 1755 d. young
Peter b. August 26 1756 d. Peacham, VT
Dorcas b. Feb 25 1757
Joel b. August 27, 1759 Peacham, VT
Abel b. February 17, 1761 d. 1827 Peacham, VT (AR)
Reuben b. February 1, 1763 d. 1832 Peacham, VT (AR)
Betty b. January 1, 1765
Simon b. April 10, 1766 d. 1837 Peacham, VT 

move to Canterbury
On November 29, 1769 Benjamin Jr. bought a farm and ferry in Canterbury, New Hampshire, which is about 50 odd miles due north of Hollis.  The ferry crossed the Merrimack and the Coontoocook Rivers, this was at the southwestern corner of Canterbury Township. The Blanchard family operated the ferry until the building of the Boscawen Bridge in 1804.   

a plethora of Benjamin's

When Benjamin Jr. arrived in 1769, Canterbury was already home to a Benjamin Blanchard.  If Benjamin Sr. was still alive, and with the addition of Benjamin the 3rd, this meant that there were four Benjamin Blanchard's living in Canterbury, NH at the same time.  This has obviously lead to some genealogical errors.
The Benjamin too whom we are not related was in Canterbury very early in it's formation.   I don't know the exact family dynamics but there were a Richard, Edward, Benjamin and James Blanchard living in Canterbury. In fact a Richard Blanchard was one of the original proprietors of the town in 1727. Beginning in 1744 Canterbury and other frontier towns in New Hampshire were  being attacked by Indians, Richard Blanchard was scalped and died after an Indian attach on Canterbury.  To defend themselves a fort was built at Canterbury and militia groups were formed A group of men under the leadership of Jerimiah Clough, "ranged" for months at time scouting for Indians around the Canterbury area.  The Benjamin Blanchard who was part of this group was the Benjamin from Canterbury and not, as is found on some websites, our Benjamin Blanchard from Hollis. By the time our Blanchard family arrived in Canterbury the Indian troubles were mostly resolved. The other Blanchard family eventually left Canterbury to form a new town called Northfield. 



town matters
The name Blanchard appears in the records of almost every town meeting.  Our Benjamin is known as Benjamin Jr. and his son Benjamin is Benjamin 3rd.  The other Benjamin is frequently called Mr. Benjamin Blanchard.  These distinctions make it fairly easy to identify which Benjamin is being referred to in the record. Benjamin Sr. is not mentioned in any record and he presumably died in Canterbury about 1770.  The town records available on family search begin in the year 1774.   That year Benjamin Jr., Benj. 3rd and Jonathan are all taxed.  Benjamin remained in the records until the year 1790.  He held various town jobs, was moderator at town meetings, his son Jonathan was often given the job of hogreeve.  Benj. 3rd disappears from the town records in 1780. 


3rd wife
Keziah Hastings Blanchard died sometime between 1766, the year her last child was born, and 1778, when Benjamin married for the third time.  She did not die in Peacham, Vermont as many internet tree claim.  Benjamin's third wife was Sarah Burbank, daughter of Moses Burbank of Boscawen.  After Benjamin's death she married Obadiah Mooney of Canterbury.  She and Benjamin had four children together.  

Rip
Benjamin died on 7 March 1791. There is no grave or marker for him.


Related Blog Posts:
Benjamin Blanchard and Mary Abbott
Thomas Hastings and Sarah White

Sources:


"History of the Town of Hollis, New Hampshire from its first settlement until the year 1789", A. Williams and Company, Boston, 1889

James Otis Lyford, "History of the Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire,1727-1912", Rumford, 1912

James Otis Lyford, History of the Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire, 1727-1912, Genealogy and Appendix, Rumford, 1912

www.historicbridges.com

Lucy Rogers Hill Cross, History Of Northfield, New Hampshire, 1780-1905, Concord, NH, 1905

Town Records of West Dunstable and Hollis, available on Familysearch.com

Town Records of Canterbury, available on familysearch.com